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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Red1p, a MEK1-dependent phosphoprotein that physically interacts with Hop1p during meiosis in yeast.

The synaptonemal complex (SC) is a proteinaceous structure formed between pairs of homologous chromosomes during prophase I of meiosis. The proper assembly of axial elements (AEs), lateral components of the SC, during meiosis in the yeast, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is essential for wild-type levels of recombination and for the accurate segregation of chromosomes at the first meiotic division. Genetic experiments have indicated that the stoichiometry between two meiosis-specific components of AEs in S. cerevisiae, HOP1 and RED1, is critical for proper assembly and function of the SC. A third meiosis-specific gene, MEK1, which encodes a putative serine/threonine protein kinase, is also important for proper AE function, suggesting that AE formation is regulated by phosphorylation. In this paper, we demonstrate that Mek1p is a functional kinase in vitro and that catalytic activity is an essential part of the meiotic function of Mek1 in vivo. Immunoblot analysis revealed that Red1p is a MEK1-dependent phosphoprotein. Co-immunoprecipitation experiments demonstrated that the interaction between Hop1p and Red1p is enhanced by the presence of MEK1. Thus, MEK1-dependent phosphorylation of Red1p facilitates the formation of Hop1p/Red1p hetero-oligomers, thereby enabling the formation of functional AEs.[1]


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