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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

CuZn superoxide dismutase activities from Fasciola hepatica.

The levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD) were determined in detergent-soluble, somatic and excretion-secretion (E-S) preparations from adult Fasciola hepatica using the xanthine oxidase system and visualized in substrate gels. Compared to detergent-soluble and somatic extracts, E-S products showed the highest SOD activity (88.5 U/mg), indicating active release to the medium in which parasites were maintained. SOD specific activity was also detected at high levels in E-S products from 3-week-old and 5-week-old immature migrating flukes (25 and 143 U/mg, respectively). In all preparations except for the somatic extract, the activity was characterized as cyanide-sensitive CuZn SOD. Differences in SOD isoenzyme profiles between the extracts were observed in native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis: the somatic and detergent-soluble extracts exhibited 1 band of activity while the E-S products from immature and adults flukes contained 2 and 3 migrating bands, respectively. SOD was purified from the detergent-soluble extract and E-S products of adult worms by a combination of ultrafiltration, gel filtration on Sephacryl S-200 HR and ion-exchange chromatography on QAE Sephadex A-50. The SOD from detergent-soluble extract showed, by SDS-PAGE analysis, 1 band of 16 kDa apparent molecular weight. The SOD from E-S products showed 2 bands of 16 and 60 kDa apparent molecular weight. N-terminal sequence analysis of the 16 kDa band from the detergent-soluble preparation showed some similarity with Schistosoma mansoni cytoplasmic SOD. These enzymes may have a potential role in the evasion of the oxidative burst killing mechanism by immune cells.[1]


  1. CuZn superoxide dismutase activities from Fasciola hepatica. Piacenza, L., Radi, R., Goñi, F., Carmona, C. Parasitology (1998) [Pubmed]
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