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Gene Review

ARG2  -  acetyl-CoA:L-glutamate N-acetyltransferase

Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288c

Synonyms: AGS, Amino-acid acetyltransferase, mitochondrial, Arginine-requiring protein 2, Glutamate N-acetyltransferase, HRB574, ...
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Disease relevance of ARG2

  • We have addressed the question of the bifunctionality of the eucaryotic enzyme, showing that overexpressed ARG7 can complement yeast arg2 and Escherichia coli argA mutations (affecting acetylglutamate synthase) [1].

High impact information on ARG2

  • We show that nucleotides at positions 33-36 are sufficient for inosine formation in mutant Arg2 minisubstrates [2].
  • The measured synthase activity did not increase with the number of ARG2 gene copies unless the number of ARG5,6 gene copies was increased similarly [3].
  • Open reading frame YJL071W of Saccharomyces cerevisiae was shown to be ARG2 and identified as the structural gene for acetylglutamate synthase, first step in arginine biosynthesis [3].
  • Replacements such as Arg2 for Glu2, or Arg6 for Glu6, which change the net and local charges of the presequence without altering its conformation, have no effect on the protein transport [4].
  • This emerged from the following observations: (a) the derepressive effect disappears if any extra piece of DNA is inserted upstream from the ARG2 promoter; and (b) similar derepression on low glucose is observed with another yeast promoter (ARG11), provided that the flanking 5' region is short [5].

Biological context of ARG2

  • While using YIp356 and YEp356R lacZ reporter plasmids, we found lacZ expression driven by the ARG2 promoter to be much higher in cells grown on a non-glucose carbon source than in glucose-grown cells (5-10-fold higher on galactose and up to 40-fold higher on ethanol) [5].
  • The transcript of the ARG2 gene contains an upstream open reading frame (uORF) that is similar to uORFs found in the homologous genes of Neurospora crassa (arg-2) and Saccharomyces cerevisiae (CPA1), suggesting that the M. grisea gene is translationally regulated by a mechanism that is conserved in these fungi [6].

Associations of ARG2 with chemical compounds

  • While forming ornithine, this enzyme regenerates acetylglutamate, also produced in the first step by the ARG2-encoded acetylglutamate synthase [1].
  • Thus, it appears that both specific regulation of ARG2 by arginine and global regulation of amino acid biosynthesis are present in M. grisea and highly conserved among M. grisea, N. crassa, and S. cerevisiae [6].


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