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Disease relevance of Sterculiaceae


High impact information on Sterculiaceae

  • We have investigated a possible cross reactivity with a tree belonging to the Sterculiaceae family, Tryplochiton scleroxylon, in a patient allergic to obeche wood, that began to suffer symptoms of allergy in contact with latex [2].
  • When applied to the skin of volunteers under field conditions, the hexane fraction showed strong repellent activity against a wide range of mosquito species belonging to various genera (Ae. gardnerii, Ae. lineatopennis, Armigeres subalbatus, Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Cx. vishnui group, Cx. quinquefasciatus and Mansonia uniformis) [3].
  • Coumarins from the heartwoods of Mansonia gagei Drumm [4].
  • Flavonoid glucuronides from Helicteres isora [5].
  • Five flavonoid glucuronides were obtained from the fruit of Helicteres isora, three of which were previously unknown compounds: isoscutellarein 4'-methyl ether 8-O-beta-D-glucuronide 6"-n-butyl ester. isoscutellarein 4'-methyl ether 8-O-beta-D-glucuronide 2", 4"-disulfate and isoscutellarein 8-O-beta-D-glucuronide 2",4"-disulfate [5].

Associations of Sterculiaceae with chemical compounds


Gene context of Sterculiaceae

  • Laboratory evaluation of DDT, decamethrin and chlorpyrifos against field-collected adults of Mansonia uniformis (Theobald) [10].
  • A group of viruses originally isolated from different pools of Mansonia africana induced 'tumours' in swiss albino mice when injected intraperitoneally, intracerebrally and intravenously [11].
  • In vitro anti-mycobacterial activities of three species of Cola plant extracts (Sterculiaceae) [12].
  • Based on repeated isolations, high field infection rates and abundance, Culex appeared to be the vectors of BAG, BBK, Ar D 65239 (BAG-like), and WN viruses, Ae. vexans and Ae. ochraceus of RVF virus, Mansonia of WN and BAG viruses, Mimomyia of WN and BAG viruses, and Phlebotomine of SAB, CHP, Ar D 95537, and GF viruses [13].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Sterculiaceae

  • Contact bioassay tests on caged Mansonia mosquitos revealed considerable penetration of the malathion aerosol indoors and relatively adequate coverage outdoors [1].


  1. Control of Mansonia mosquitos, vectors of brugian filariasis in Sarawak, Malaysia. Chang, M.S., Chan, K.L., Ho, B.C. Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health (1993) [Pubmed]
  2. Cross-reactivity between obeche wood (Triplochiton scleroxylon) and natural rubber latex. Venturini, M., Gastaminza, G., Kespohl, S., Bernedo, N., Garmendia, M., Raulf-Heimsoth, M., Muñoz, D., Ansotegui, I.J. Allergy (2004) [Pubmed]
  3. Mosquito repellency of the seeds of celery (Apium graveolens L.). Tuetun, B., Choochote, W., Rattanachanpichai, E., Chaithong, U., Jitpakdi, A., Tippawangkosol, P., Riyong, D., Pitasawat, B. Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  4. Coumarins from the heartwoods of Mansonia gagei Drumm. Tiew, P., Puntumchai, A., Kokpol, U., Chavasiri, W. Phytochemistry (2002) [Pubmed]
  5. Flavonoid glucuronides from Helicteres isora. Kamiya, K., Saiki, Y., Hama, T., Fujimoto, Y., Endang, H., Umar, M., Satake, T. Phytochemistry (2001) [Pubmed]
  6. The sensitizing capacity of naturally occurring quinones. Experimental studies in guinea pigs. II. Benzoquinones. Schulz, K.H., Garbe, I., Hausen, B.M., Simatupang, M.H. Arch. Dermatol. Res. (1979) [Pubmed]
  7. Cucurbitacin B and isocucurbitacin B: cytotoxic components of Helicteres isora. Bean, M.F., Antoun, M., Abramson, D., Chang, C.J., McLaughlin, J.L., Cassady, J.M. J. Nat. Prod. (1985) [Pubmed]
  8. A small scale field trial with Temephos (Abate) for the control of four species of Mansonia (Mansonioides) (Diptera: Culicidae) in Thailand. Gass, R.F., Deesin, T., Kerdibule, V., Surathin, K., Vutikes, S., Sucharit, S. Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  9. Field evaluation of biodegradable controlled release formulation of fenthion against Mansonia mosquitos. Prasad, M.P., Rajendran, G., Sabesan, S., Kalyanasundaram, M. Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health (1997) [Pubmed]
  10. Laboratory evaluation of DDT, decamethrin and chlorpyrifos against field-collected adults of Mansonia uniformis (Theobald). Lee, H.L., Loong, K.P., Cheong, W.H. Southeast Asian J. Trop. Med. Public Health (1986) [Pubmed]
  11. Tumour induction by viruses isolated from Mansonia africana. Williams, B. African journal of medicine and medical sciences. (1981) [Pubmed]
  12. In vitro anti-mycobacterial activities of three species of Cola plant extracts (Sterculiaceae). Adeniyi, B.A., Groves, M.J., Gangadharam, P.R. Phytotherapy research : PTR. (2004) [Pubmed]
  13. Arbovirus surveillance from 1990 to 1995 in the Barkedji area (Ferlo) of Senegal, a possible natural focus of Rift Valley fever virus. Traoré-Lamizana, M., Fontenille, D., Diallo, M., Bâ, Y., Zeller, H.G., Mondo, M., Adam, F., Thonon, J., Maïga, A. J. Med. Entomol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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