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Disease relevance of Desulfitobacterium


High impact information on Desulfitobacterium


Chemical compound and disease context of Desulfitobacterium

  • Isolation and characterization of Tn-Dha1, a transposon containing the tetrachloroethene reductive dehalogenase of Desulfitobacterium hafniense strain TCE1 [8].
  • In this work, a strain of anaerobic pentachlorophenol (PCP) degrader, Desulfitobacterium frappieri PCP-1, was used to augment a mixed bacterial community of an anaerobic upflow sludge bed reactor degrading PCP [9].
  • The membrane-bound 3-chloro-4-hydroxyphenylacetate (Cl-OHPA) reductive dehalogenase from the chlorophenol-reducing anaerobe Desulfitobacterium hafniense was purified 11.3-fold to apparent homogeneity in the presence of the detergent CHAPS [10].
  • A 16S rRNA analysis revealed that strain PCP-1T exhibits 95% homology with Desulfitobacterium dehalogenans JW/IU-DC1, an anaerobic bacterium which can dehalogenate chlorophenols only in ortho positions [11].
  • Humus served as a terminal electron acceptor supporting growth of Desulfitobacterium species, which may explain the recovery of these microorganisms from organic rich environments in which the presence of chlorinated pollutants or sulphite is not expected [2].

Anatomical context of Desulfitobacterium


Gene context of Desulfitobacterium

  • The tetrachloroethene (PCE) reductive dehalogenase (encoded by the pceA gene and designated PceA dehalogenase) of Desulfitobacterium sp. strain Y51 was purified and characterized [1].
  • Strain PCP-1 is the type strain of the new species, Desulfitobacterium frappieri [11].
  • Carbon stable isotope fractionation of tetrachloroethene (PCE) during reductive dechlorination by whole cells and crude extracts of Sulfurospirillum multivorans and Desulfitobacterium sp. strain PCE-S and the abiotic reaction with cyanocobalamin (vitamin B12) was studied [13].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Desulfitobacterium


  1. Molecular characterization of the PceA reductive dehalogenase of desulfitobacterium sp. strain Y51. Suyama, A., Yamashita, M., Yoshino, S., Furukawa, K. J. Bacteriol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  2. Reduction of humic substances by halorespiring, sulphate-reducing and methanogenic microorganisms. Cervantes, F.J., de Bok, F.A., Duong-Dac, T., Stams, A.J., Lettinga, G., Field, J.A. Environ. Microbiol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  3. Analysis of a 2,4,6-trichlorophenol-dehalogenating enrichment culture and isolation of the dehalogenating member Desulfitobacterium frappieri strain TCP-A. Breitenstein, A., Saano, A., Salkinoja-Salonen, M., Andreesen, J.R., Lechner, U. Arch. Microbiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  4. Characterization of the B12- and iron-sulfur-containing reductive dehalogenase from Desulfitobacterium chlororespirans. Krasotkina, J., Walters, T., Maruya, K.A., Ragsdale, S.W. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
  5. Purification, cloning and sequencing of an enzyme mediating the reductive dechlorination of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol from Desulfitobacterium frappieri PCP-1. Boyer, A., Pagé-BéLanger, R., Saucier, M., Villemur, R., Lépine, F., Juteau, P., Beaudet, R. Biochem. J. (2003) [Pubmed]
  6. Complete genome sequence of the dehalorespiring bacterium Desulfitobacterium hafniense Y51 and comparison with Dehalococcoides ethenogenes 195. Nonaka, H., Keresztes, G., Shinoda, Y., Ikenaga, Y., Abe, M., Naito, K., Inatomi, K., Furukawa, K., Inui, M., Yukawa, H. J. Bacteriol. (2006) [Pubmed]
  7. Dehalogenation of the herbicides bromoxynil (3,5-dibromo-4-hydroxybenzonitrile) and ioxynil (3,5-diiodino-4-hydroxybenzonitrile) by Desulfitobacterium chlororespirans. Cupples, A.M., Sanford, R.A., Sims, G.K. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  8. Isolation and characterization of Tn-Dha1, a transposon containing the tetrachloroethene reductive dehalogenase of Desulfitobacterium hafniense strain TCE1. Maillard, J., Regeard, C., Holliger, C. Environ. Microbiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  9. Biodegradation of pentachlorophenol in a continuous anaerobic reactor augmented with Desulfitobacterium frappieri PCP-1. Tartakovsky, B., Levesque, M., Dumortier, R., Beaudet, R., Guiot, S.R. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  10. Purification and characterization of the 3-chloro-4-hydroxy-phenylacetate reductive dehalogenase of Desulfitobacterium hafniense. Christiansen, N., Ahring, B.K., Wohlfarth, G., Diekert, G. FEBS Lett. (1998) [Pubmed]
  11. Isolation and characterization of Desulfitobacterium frappieri sp. nov., an anaerobic bacterium which reductively dechlorinates pentachlorophenol to 3-chlorophenol. Bouchard, B., Beaudet, R., Villemur, R., McSween, G., Lépine, F., Bisaillon, J.G. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  12. A Desulfitobacterium strain isolated from human feces that does not dechlorinate chloroethenes or chlorophenols. van de Pas, B.A., Harmsen, H.J., Raangs, G.C., de Vos, W.M., Schraa, G., Stams, A.J. Arch. Microbiol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  13. Stable isotope fractionation of tetrachloroethene during reductive dechlorination by Sulfurospirillum multivorans and Desulfitobacterium sp. strain PCE-S and abiotic reactions with cyanocobalamin. Nijenhuis, I., Andert, J., Beck, K., Kästner, M., Diekert, G., Richnow, H.H. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  14. Desulfitobacterium sp. strain PCE1, an anaerobic bacterium that can grow by reductive dechlorination of tetrachloroethene or ortho-chlorinated phenols. Gerritse, J., Renard, V., Pedro Gomes, T.M., Lawson, P.A., Collins, M.D., Gottschal, J.C. Arch. Microbiol. (1996) [Pubmed]
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