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MeSH Review

Whiplash Injuries

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Disease relevance of Whiplash Injuries


Psychiatry related information on Whiplash Injuries


High impact information on Whiplash Injuries


Chemical compound and disease context of Whiplash Injuries

  • Evaluation of whiplash injuries by technetium 99m isotope scanning [9].
  • Of the 8 patients who developed chronic symptoms following whiplash injury, none demonstrated a serum creatine kinase rise [10].
  • Results indicate that the improved geometric fit of head restraints observed in many newer vehicle models are reducing the risk of whiplash injury substantially among female drivers (about 37% in the Ford Taurus and Mercury Sable), but have very little effect among male drivers [11].

Anatomical context of Whiplash Injuries

  • Higher percentages of RANTES-expressing blood MNC and T cells were observed in patients with WAD examined within 3 days compared to 14 days after the whiplash injury and, likewise, compared with healthy controls [5].

Gene context of Whiplash Injuries

  • PEMT as described is safe for domiciliary use and this study suggests that PEMT has a beneficial effect in the management of the acute whiplash injury [12].
  • Applying the Quebec Task Force criteria as a frame of reference for studies of whiplash injuries [13].
  • SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Impact severity parameters, such as the peak acceleration of the vehicle, its mean acceleration, and its velocity change, are often used to predict the whiplash injury risk or to objectify the patient's symptoms even though their correlation to injury is still not well understood [14].
  • A review and methodologic critique of the literature supporting 'chronic whiplash injury'. Part II. Reviews, editorials, and letters [15].


  1. In vivo study of nerve movement and mechanosensitivity of the median nerve in whiplash and non-specific arm pain patients. Greening, J., Dilley, A., Lynn, B. Pain (2005) [Pubmed]
  2. The Bi-Digital O-Ring Test used in the successful diagnosis & treatment (with antibiotic, anti-viral agents & oriental herbal medicine) of a patient suffering from pain & weakness of an upper extremity & Barré-Liéou syndrome appearing after whiplash injury. A case report. Ayuzawa, S., Yano, H., Enomoto, T., Kobayashi, H., Nose, T. Acupuncture & electro-therapeutics research. (1997) [Pubmed]
  3. Late whiplash syndrome: correlation of brain SPECT with neuropsychological tests and P300 event-related potential. Lorberboym, M., Gilad, R., Gorin, V., Sadeh, M., Lampl, Y. The Journal of trauma. (2002) [Pubmed]
  4. Focal hand dystonia after cervical whiplash injury. Tamburin, S., Zanette, G. J. Neurol. Neurosurg. Psychiatr. (2003) [Pubmed]
  5. Chemokines and their receptors in whiplash injury: elevated RANTES and CCR-5. Kivioja, J., Rinaldi, L., Ozenci, V., Kouwenhoven, M., Kostulas, N., Lindgren, U., Link, H. J. Clin. Immunol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  6. Systemic immune response in whiplash injury and ankle sprain: elevated IL-6 and IL-10. Kivioja, J., Ozenci, V., Rinaldi, L., Kouwenhoven, M., Lindgren, U., Link, H. Clin. Immunol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  7. Management of chronic pain in whiplash injury. Alpar, E.K., Onuoha, G., Killampalli, V.V., Waters, R. The Journal of bone and joint surgery. British volume. (2002) [Pubmed]
  8. High-dose methylprednisolone prevents extensive sick leave after whiplash injury. A prospective, randomized, double-blind study. Pettersson, K., Toolanen, G. Spine. (1998) [Pubmed]
  9. Evaluation of whiplash injuries by technetium 99m isotope scanning. Barton, D., Allen, M., Finlay, D., Belton, I. Archives of emergency medicine. (1993) [Pubmed]
  10. Whiplash: a biochemical study of muscle injury. Scott, S., Sanderson, P.L. European spine journal : official publication of the European Spine Society, the European Spinal Deformity Society, and the European Section of the Cervical Spine Research Society. (2002) [Pubmed]
  11. Effects of head restraint and seat redesign on neck injury risk in rear-end crashes. Farmer, C.M., Wells, J.K., Lund, A.K. Traffic injury prevention. (2003) [Pubmed]
  12. Low energy high frequency pulsed electromagnetic therapy for acute whiplash injuries. A double blind randomized controlled study. Foley-Nolan, D., Moore, K., Codd, M., Barry, C., O'Connor, P., Coughlan, R.J. Scandinavian journal of rehabilitation medicine. (1992) [Pubmed]
  13. Applying the Quebec Task Force criteria as a frame of reference for studies of whiplash injuries. Versteegen, G.J., van Es, F.D., Kingma, J., Meijler, W.J., ten Duis, H.J. Injury. (2001) [Pubmed]
  14. Correlation between neck injury risk and impact severity parameters in low-speed side collisions. Kettler, A., Fruth, K., Hartwig, E., Claes, L., Wilke, H.J. Spine. (2004) [Pubmed]
  15. A review and methodologic critique of the literature supporting 'chronic whiplash injury'. Part II. Reviews, editorials, and letters. Kwan, O., Friel, J. Med. Sci. Monit. (2003) [Pubmed]
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