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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
MeSH Review

Subtalar Joint

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Disease relevance of Subtalar Joint


High impact information on Subtalar Joint

  • We are performing direct, coronally oriented computed tomographic (CT) scans of the subtalar joint in patients with rheumatoid arthritis [2].
  • Communication of the FHL sheath with the ankle, flexor digitorum longus, or subtalar joint occurred in half the cases [3].
  • The motions of the talocrural joint, the talocalcaneal joint, and the gross motion between the foot and the shank were analyzed [4].
  • RESULTS: The kinematic coupling characteristics and the respective contribution of the ankle joint and the subtalar joint to the gross motion of the foot with respect to the shank were analyzed based on dual Euler angle parameters [5].
  • The relative subtalar joint and talocural joint angles at touchdown were varied, and each subject-specific simulation was exposed to a set of perturbed floor conditions [6].

Anatomical context of Subtalar Joint

  • Ten consecutive patients (fourteen feet) who had a painful coalition of the middle facet of the talocalcaneal joint with restricted motion of that joint were managed with a resection of the coalition and interposition of a split flexor hallucis longus tendon in 1992, 1993, or 1994 [7].
  • On the coronal views, tilting of the talus at the ankle and subtalar joints was assessed [8].
  • Fracture of the calcaneus: an unusual fracture pattern with subtalar joint interposition of the flexor hallucis longus. A report of two cases [9].

Associations of Subtalar Joint with chemical compounds

  • The coronal plane provides the best view of the facets of the talocalcaneal joint [10].
  • The scans showed oblique orientation of four implants (44%), loosening of three implants (33%), extruded methyl methacrylate in the subtalar joint in two implants (22%), and abnormal calcaneal recession in two implants (22%) [11].
  • During the first six postoperative weeks, patients (1) performed active movements of the ankle and subtalar joints but did not bear weight; (2) wore a plaster of paris cast without bearing weight; or (3) bore full weight in a plaster cast [12].

Gene context of Subtalar Joint

  • The human subtalar joint was modelled as a quasi-linear second-order underdamped system to simulate sudden inversion motion of the foot relative to the shank [13].
  • The predicted inclination of the subtalar joint axis from the horizontal plane was 37.4 +/- 2.7 degrees, and the medial deviation was 18.0 +/- 16.2 degrees [14].
  • Arthrography of the posterior subtalar joint is an objective parameter, identifying peri- or intraarticular pathology as the cause of symptoms [15].
  • Maximum rotations over the complete stance phase for the ankle and subtalar joints respectively were: eversion/inversion, 6.3 degrees and 8.3 degrees; dorsiflexion/plantarflexion, 18.7 degrees and 3.7 degrees; and abduction/adduction, 5.0 degrees and 6.1 degrees [16].
  • The rationale that subtalar joint position, reflected by calcaneal alignment, determines foot morphology was used to formulate an approach to examination of the validity of three measures of "foot type": the Staheli Arch Index, the Chippaux-Smirak Index, and navicular height [17].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Subtalar Joint


  1. Posterior subtalar joint synoviography and corticosteroid injection in rheumatoid arthritis. Beaudet, F., Dixon, A.S. Ann. Rheum. Dis. (1981) [Pubmed]
  2. Computed tomography of the hindfoot with rheumatoid arthritis. Seltzer, S.E., Weissman, B.N., Braunstein, E.M., Adams, D.F., Thomas, W.H. Arthritis Rheum. (1985) [Pubmed]
  3. The flexor hallucis longus: tenographic technique and correlation of imaging findings with surgery in 39 ankles. Na, J.B., Bergman, A.G., Oloff, L.M., Beaulieu, C.F. Radiology. (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. Passive motion characteristics of the talocrural and the subtalar joint by dual Euler angles. Wong, Y., Kim, W., Ying, N. Journal of biomechanics. (2005) [Pubmed]
  5. Analysis of passive motion characteristics of the ankle joint complex using dual Euler angle parameters. Ying, N., Kim, W., Wong, Y., Kam, B.H. Clinical biomechanics (Bristol, Avon) (2004) [Pubmed]
  6. The influence of foot positioning on ankle sprains. Wright, I.C., Neptune, R.R., van den Bogert, A.J., Nigg, B.M. Journal of biomechanics. (2000) [Pubmed]
  7. Interposition of the split flexor hallucis longus tendon after resection of a coalition of the middle facet of the talocalcaneal joint. Raikin, S., Cooperman, D.R., Thompson, G.H. The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume. (1999) [Pubmed]
  8. Ankle instability: in vitro kinematics in response to axial load. Cass, J.R., Settles, H. Foot & ankle international / American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society [and] Swiss Foot and Ankle Society. (1994) [Pubmed]
  9. Fracture of the calcaneus: an unusual fracture pattern with subtalar joint interposition of the flexor hallucis longus. A report of two cases. Romash, M.M. Foot & ankle. (1992) [Pubmed]
  10. Computerized tomography (CT) scanning technique for the hindfoot. Smith, R.W., Staple, T.W. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. (1983) [Pubmed]
  11. Subtalar arthrosis: evaluation with CT. Smith, D.K., Gilula, L.A., Totty, W.G. AJR. American journal of roentgenology. (1990) [Pubmed]
  12. Osteopenia after ankle fractures. The influence of early weight bearing and muscle activity. Finsen, V., Benum, P. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. (1989) [Pubmed]
  13. The dynamics of the subtalar joint in sudden inversion of the foot. Mizrahi, J., Ramot, Y., Susak, Z. Journal of biomechanical engineering. (1990) [Pubmed]
  14. In vivo determination of the anatomical axes of the ankle joint complex: an optimization approach. van den Bogert, A.J., Smith, G.D., Nigg, B.M. Journal of biomechanics. (1994) [Pubmed]
  15. Posterior subtalar joint arthrography. A useful tool in the diagnosis of hindfoot disorders. Goossens, M., De Stoop, N., Claessens, H., Van der Straeten, C. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. (1989) [Pubmed]
  16. Ankle and subtalar kinematics measured with intracortical pins during the stance phase of walking. Arndt, A., Westblad, P., Winson, I., Hashimoto, T., Lundberg, A. Foot & ankle international / American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society [and] Swiss Foot and Ankle Society. (2004) [Pubmed]
  17. Examining the validity of selected measures of foot type: a preliminary study. Mathieson, I., Upton, D., Prior, T.D. Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association. (2004) [Pubmed]
  18. Compression arthrodesis of the rheumatoid ankle and hindfoot. Miehlke, W., Gschwend, N., Rippstein, P., Simmen, B.R. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. (1997) [Pubmed]
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