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Chemical Compound Review

Drierite     calcium sulfate

Synonyms: Crysalba, Gypsum, Karstenite, CALCIUM SULFATE, calcium sulphate, ...
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Disease relevance of calcium sulfate


High impact information on calcium sulfate

  • 1. The discharge of impulses in afferent fibres dissected from the dorsal nerve of the penis of chloralose-anaesthetized rams was recorded electrophysiologically during controlled natural stimulation of the surgically exposed penis maintained at body temperature and mechanically stabilized in a plaster of Paris mould [6].
  • Previously, it was found that the FL-SMC lesion increases substantially in size when the intact forelimb is immobilized with a plaster of paris cast for the first 7 days postlesion, which forces extreme overuse of the impaired forelimb during a time when nonlethally damaged tissue is vulnerable to behavioral demand [7].
  • A mixture of hydroxyapatite (HA) particles and plaster of Paris (POP) with saline solution was injected into the bone marrow of 30 unilateral tibiae of 30 rabbits [8].
  • Stereotactic and functional neurosurgery has experienced a remarkable degree of development during the last 50 years, from the plaster of Paris frame of Spiegel and Wycis to the technology of frameless stereotaxis [9].
  • This study investigated the efficacy of a local biodegradable composite composed of hydroxyapatite, plaster of Paris, and chitosan impregnated with antibiotics to treat methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus [10].

Chemical compound and disease context of calcium sulfate


Biological context of calcium sulfate


Anatomical context of calcium sulfate

  • Plaster of Paris and Hexelite, a new thermoplastic bandage, were compared in the treatment of 183 patients with malleolar fractures, Colles' fractures or distortions of the finger joints [17].
  • The main findings of the study were, first, that impurities in plaster, lead in the plaster or bone matrices, coherent scatter from non-bone tissues and the individual subject's measurement geometry are all minor or negligible effects; and, second, that the synthetic apatite matrix is more representative of bone mineral than is plaster of Paris [18].
  • To avoid unequal load-bearing between the two groups, all fractured hindlimbs were immobilized in a plaster of Paris cast [19].
  • During the first six postoperative weeks, patients (1) performed active movements of the ankle and subtalar joints but did not bear weight; (2) wore a plaster of paris cast without bearing weight; or (3) bore full weight in a plaster cast [20].
  • Effect of dentin preparation and acid etching on the sealing ability of glass ionomer and composite resin when used to repair furcation perforations over plaster of Paris barriers [21].

Associations of calcium sulfate with other chemical compounds


Gene context of calcium sulfate


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of calcium sulfate

  • With use of this model, we measured the skin surface pressure beneath a plaster-of-Paris cast, a fiberglass cast that had been applied with a standard technique, and a fiberglass cast that had been applied with a stretch-relax technique [31].
  • Plaster of paris cast immobilization of the joint was used for three days [32].
  • In the treatment group, the tibial defect was filled manually with Osteoset pellets, in the control group the defect was left empty [33].
  • There were 3 pintrack infections and 9 patients reported severe discomfort during the postoperative period in a plaster of Paris. After a follow-up of 4 (1-7) years, 28 patients rated the overall result as excellent, while 1 would not have consented to the operation if she had known the result in advance [34].
  • Children who had been treated with a tubular bandage and crutches by random selection had a mean time to return of normal activity of 14.22 days compared with 21.60 days for those treated with a plaster-of-Paris cast (t=3.60, p=0.0032; d=7.38, 95% CI 3.0 to 11.8) [35].


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  2. Polylactide-polyglycolide antibiotic implants. Garvin, K., Feschuk, C. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
  3. Allergic contact dermatitis from benzalkonium chloride in plaster of Paris. Stanford, D., Georgouras, K. Contact Derm. (1996) [Pubmed]
  4. Survival of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in plaster of Paris. Houang, E.T., Buckley, R., Smith, M., O'Riordan, S.M. J. Hosp. Infect. (1981) [Pubmed]
  5. Leonard F. Peltier, MD, PhD, 1920-2003. Reckling, F.W., Lo Vecchio, J.G., Reckling, J.B. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
  6. Electrophysiology of the afferent innervation of the penis of the domestic ram. Cottrell, D.F., Iggo, A., Kitchell, R.L. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1978) [Pubmed]
  7. Focal brain injury, FGF-2 and the adverse effects of excessive motor demand on cortical and nigral degeneration: marked protection by delayed intermittent exposure to halothane. Gotts, J.E., Press, C., Leasure, J.L., Schallert, T. J. Neurotrauma (2000) [Pubmed]
  8. Osteogenic response of rabbit tibia to hydroxyapatite particle-Plaster of Paris mixture. Sato, S., Koshino, T., Saito, T. Biomaterials (1998) [Pubmed]
  9. History of spinal cord stereotaxy. Gabriel, E.M., Nashold, B.S. J. Neurosurg. (1996) [Pubmed]
  10. The efficacy of a hydroxyapatite composite as a biodegradable antibiotic delivery system. Buranapanitkit, B., Srinilta, V., Ingviga, N., Oungbho, K., Geater, A., Ovatlarnporn, C. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. (2004) [Pubmed]
  11. Gentamicin-loaded plaster of Paris as a treatment of experimental osteomyelitis in rabbits. Dahners, L.E., Funderburk, C.H. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. (1987) [Pubmed]
  12. Energy expenditure during walking in patients recovering from fractures of the leg. Imms, F.J., MacDonald, I.C., Prestidge, S.P. Scandinavian journal of rehabilitation medicine. (1976) [Pubmed]
  13. Combined implantation of particulate dentine, plaster of Paris, and a bone xenograft (Bio-Oss) for bone regeneration in rats. Su-Gwan, K., Hak-Kyun, K., Sung-Chul, L. Journal of cranio-maxillo-facial surgery : official publication of the European Association for Cranio-Maxillo-Facial Surgery. (2001) [Pubmed]
  14. Hybrid casts: a comparison of different casting materials. Philbin, T.M., Gittins, M.E. The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association. (1999) [Pubmed]
  15. Effects on bone formation in ovariectomized rats after implantation of tooth ash and plaster of Paris mixture. Kim, S.Y., Kim, S.G., Lim, S.C., Bae, C.S. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. (2004) [Pubmed]
  16. Postoperative blood loss into plaster casts after clubfoot surgery: an experimental model. Gaine, W.J., Turner, P.G. Journal of pediatric orthopaedics. Part B / European Paediatric Orthopaedic Society, Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America. (1999) [Pubmed]
  17. A new thermoplastic casting material. A comparison between plaster of Paris and Hexelite. Nielsen, K., Lauritzen, J. Acta orthopaedica Scandinavica. (1981) [Pubmed]
  18. Coherent scattering and matrix correction in bone-lead measurements. Todd, A.C. Physics in medicine and biology. (2000) [Pubmed]
  19. Fracture healing and callus innervation after peripheral nerve resection in rats. Madsen, J.E., Hukkanen, M., Aune, A.K., Basran, I., Møller, J.F., Polak, J.M., Nordsletten, L. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. (1998) [Pubmed]
  20. Osteopenia after ankle fractures. The influence of early weight bearing and muscle activity. Finsen, V., Benum, P. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. (1989) [Pubmed]
  21. Effect of dentin preparation and acid etching on the sealing ability of glass ionomer and composite resin when used to repair furcation perforations over plaster of Paris barriers. Himel, V.T., Alhadainy, H.A. Journal of endodontics. (1995) [Pubmed]
  22. Continuous monitoring of Folsomia candida (Insecta: Collembola) in a metal exposure test. Fountain, M.T., Hopkin, S.P. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. (2001) [Pubmed]
  23. Osteogenic potential of nonvital tissues and synthetic implant materials. Amler, M.H. J. Periodontol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  24. In vitro elution of gentamicin from Plaster of Paris beads. Santschi, E.M., McGarvey, L. Veterinary surgery : VS : the official journal of the American College of Veterinary Surgeons. (2003) [Pubmed]
  25. Inflammatory reactions associated with a calcium sulfate bone substitute. Robinson, D., Alk, D., Sandbank, J., Farber, R., Halperin, N. Ann. Transplant. (1999) [Pubmed]
  26. Fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy for pediatric brain tumors: the Chicago children's experience. Kalapurakal, J.A., Kepka, A., Bista, T., Goldman, S., Tomita, T., Marymont, M.H. Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery. (2000) [Pubmed]
  27. Response of the mouse femoral muscle to an implant of a composite of bone morphogenetic protein and plaster of Paris. Yamazaki, Y., Oida, S., Akimoto, Y., Shioda, S. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. (1988) [Pubmed]
  28. An implant of a composite of bovine bone morphogenetic protein and plaster of paris for treatment of femoral shaft nonunions. Bai, M.H., Liu, X.Y., GE, B.F., Yallg, C., Chen, D.A. International surgery. (1996) [Pubmed]
  29. Plaster of Paris and hair cell morphology. A scanning electron microscopic study of an alternative implant material for ear surgery. Högset, O., Bredberg, G. Acta Otolaryngol. (1988) [Pubmed]
  30. Carpal tunnel syndrome after epiphysiolysis of the distal radius in a 5-year-old child. Case report. Krum-Møller, D., Jensen, M.K., Hansen, T.B. Scandinavian journal of plastic and reconstructive surgery and hand surgery / Nordisk plastikkirurgisk forening [and] Nordisk klubb for handkirurgi. (1999) [Pubmed]
  31. Skin surface pressure beneath an above-the-knee cast: plaster casts compared with fiberglass casts. Davids, J.R., Frick, S.L., Skewes, E., Blackhurst, D.W. The Journal of bone and joint surgery. American volume. (1997) [Pubmed]
  32. Radiocolloids in the management of hemophilic arthropathy in children and adolescents. Erken, E.H. Clin. Orthop. Relat. Res. (1991) [Pubmed]
  33. No effect of Osteoset, a bone graft substitute, on bone healing in humans: a prospective randomized double-blind study. Petruskevicius, J., Nielsen, S., Kaalund, S., Knudsen, P.R., Overgaard, S. Acta orthopaedica Scandinavica. (2002) [Pubmed]
  34. Tendon interposition arthroplasty for basal joint arthrosis. 38 thumbs followed for 4 years. Kleven, T., Russwurm, H., Finsen, V. Acta orthopaedica Scandinavica. (1996) [Pubmed]
  35. Ultrasound assessment and conservative management of inversion injuries of the ankle in children: plaster of Paris versus Tubigrip. Gleeson, A.P., Stuart, M.J., Wilson, B., Phillips, B. The Journal of bone and joint surgery. British volume. (1996) [Pubmed]
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