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MeSH Review

Knee Injuries

 
 
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Psychiatry related information on Knee Injuries

  • It has previously been shown that knee injuries with ACL ruptures may lead to decreased proprioception and that exercise in a normal population, uninjured individuals, may reduce the proprioceptive ability [1].
 

High impact information on Knee Injuries

  • Detection of stromelysin and collagenase in synovial fluid from patients with rheumatoid arthritis and posttraumatic knee injury [2].
  • A knee grade of 2 or higher was associated with increasing estradiol levels, knee injury, and higher blood pressure [3].
  • Increased concentrations of bone sialoprotein in joint fluid after knee injury [4].
  • CONCLUSIONS--The increased concentrations of aggrecan and COMP fragments and stromelysin-1 in the joint fluid of the contralateral, uninjured knee following unilateral knee injury, compared with concentrations in healthy reference knees, suggest changes in joint cartilage metabolism in both knees following unilateral knee injury [5].
  • CONCLUSIONS: Because CT delivered as a nasal spray markedly reduced the severity of most OA changes, both at the histological and biochemical level, this form of therapy may have benefits for humans who have recently experienced a traumatic knee injury, and as well as for dogs who spontaneously rupture their ACL [6].
 

Chemical compound and disease context of Knee Injuries

  • METHODS: SF steroid concentrations were measured by high performance liquid chromotography and mass spectrometry in 12 patients with RA and 8 subjects with traumatic knee injury (noninflammatory controls) [7].
  • Patients with pyrophosphate arthritis had the highest concentrations, substantially increased compared with both arthrosis patients, with or without knee injury and healthy volunteers [8].
 

Anatomical context of Knee Injuries

 

Gene context of Knee Injuries

  • Notch view roentgenograms of 50 patients with an acute ACL injury and 50 "normal" patients without history of significant knee injury were compared [10].
  • Objective measurement of knee laxity and stiffness with reference to knee injury diagnosis. Part 2: Results [11].
  • Serious non-fracture knee injuries (i.e. ligament tears) rated AIS 2 accounted for 20 out of every 1000 injuries and predominantly occurred at deltaVs below 25 kmph [12].
  • In this review, three areas are highlighted: knee injuries due to athletic events, carpal tunnel syndrome, and shoulder problems, especially glenoid labral tears [13].
  • Specific conditions that would exclude or limit athletic participation include hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, long QT interval syndrome, concussion, significant knee injury, sickle cell disease and uncontrolled seizures [14].
 

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Knee Injuries

References

  1. Effects of short-term cycling on knee joint proprioception in ACL-deficient patients. Roberts, D., Ageberg, E., Andersson, G., Fridén, T. Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy : official journal of the ESSKA. (2004) [Pubmed]
  2. Detection of stromelysin and collagenase in synovial fluid from patients with rheumatoid arthritis and posttraumatic knee injury. Walakovits, L.A., Moore, V.L., Bhardwaj, N., Gallick, G.S., Lark, M.W. Arthritis Rheum. (1992) [Pubmed]
  3. Association of bone mineral density and sex hormone levels with osteoarthritis of the hand and knee in premenopausal women. Sowers, M.F., Hochberg, M., Crabbe, J.P., Muhich, A., Crutchfield, M., Updike, S. Am. J. Epidemiol. (1996) [Pubmed]
  4. Increased concentrations of bone sialoprotein in joint fluid after knee injury. Lohmander, L.S., Saxne, T., Heinegård, D. Ann. Rheum. Dis. (1996) [Pubmed]
  5. Cartilage metabolism in the injured and uninjured knee of the same patient. Dahlberg, L., Roos, H., Saxne, T., Heinegård, D., Lark, M.W., Hoerrner, L.A., Lohmander, L.S. Ann. Rheum. Dis. (1994) [Pubmed]
  6. Treatment with calcitonin prevents the net loss of collagen, hyaluronan and proteoglycan aggregates from cartilage in the early stages of canine experimental osteoarthritis. El Hajjaji, H., Williams, J.M., Devogelaer, J.P., Lenz, M.E., Thonar, E.J., Manicourt, D.H. Osteoarthr. Cartil. (2004) [Pubmed]
  7. Increased estrogen formation and estrogen to androgen ratio in the synovial fluid of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Castagnetta, L.A., Carruba, G., Granata, O.M., Stefano, R., Miele, M., Schmidt, M., Cutolo, M., Straub, R.H. J. Rheumatol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  8. Proteoglycan fragments in joint fluid. Influence of arthrosis and inflammation. Dahlberg, L., Ryd, L., Heinegård, D., Lohmander, L.S. Acta orthopaedica Scandinavica. (1992) [Pubmed]
  9. The O'Donoghue triad revisited. Combined knee injuries involving anterior cruciate and medial collateral ligament tears. Shelbourne, K.D., Nitz, P.A. The American journal of sports medicine. (1991) [Pubmed]
  10. The intercondylar notch in acute tears of the anterior cruciate ligament: a computer graphics study. Houseworth, S.W., Mauro, V.J., Mellon, B.A., Kieffer, D.A. The American journal of sports medicine. (1987) [Pubmed]
  11. Objective measurement of knee laxity and stiffness with reference to knee injury diagnosis. Part 2: Results. Dahlkvist, N.J., Seedhom, B.B. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of engineering in medicine. (1990) [Pubmed]
  12. Knee injuries in motor vehicle collisions: a study of the National Accident Sampling System database for the years 1979-1995. Atkinson, T., Atkinson, P. Accident; analysis and prevention. (2000) [Pubmed]
  13. Peripheral nerve entrapment, occupation-related syndromes, sports injuries, bursitis, and soft-tissue problems of the shoulder. Biundo, J.J., Mipro, R.C., Djuric, V. Current opinion in rheumatology. (1995) [Pubmed]
  14. The preparticipation athletic evaluation. Kurowski, K., Chandran, S. American family physician. (2000) [Pubmed]
  15. Physiological patellofemoral crepitus in knee joint disorders. Jiang, C.C., Liu, Y.J., Yip, K.M., Wu, E. Bulletin (Hospital for Joint Diseases (New York, N.Y.)) (1993) [Pubmed]
 
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