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MeSH Review

Weight Lifting

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High impact information on Weight Lifting

  • Muscle strength, assessed by one repetition maximum of weight-lifting exercises increased significantly after testosterone treatment [1].
  • A 28-day study was conducted with 13 adult men to determine the effect of weight lifting exercise and protein intake level on urinary 3-methylhistidine (3MH) excretion [2].
  • 1. A weight-matching task was used to investigate the ability to estimate heaviness when weight lifting was isolated to the extrinsic flexor muscles (or portions thereof) that act on the digits of the hand [3].
  • Cardiovascular tolerance to weight-lifting exercises was evaluated both physiologically and biologically by measuring heart rate (HR) and blood pressures continuously during exercise, and cardiac troponin I (cTnI) blood concentration before and 6 h postexercise [4].
  • On the other hand, same day training may enhance increases in CS activity but not VO2max or weight lifting endurance [5].

Biological context of Weight Lifting


Associations of Weight Lifting with chemical compounds

  • Glucose tolerance and the associated insulin response was assessed using a standard 100-g oral glucose load before and after a supervised 10-wk high-resistance, isotonic weight-lifting program [7].
  • Twenty-four postpubertal male albino rats were assigned randomly to sedentary-control (C), endurance-running (ER), and weight-lifting (WL) groups to study the effects of different chronic-exercise regimens on precapillary vascularity in the heart [8].
  • Therefore, we concluded that the cortisol level may be considered as a performance factor in weight-lifting [9].
  • The 4 week anaerobic training program (two 30-min sessions weight lifting and one interval training per week; lactate levels 4-6 mM and 8-10 mM, respectively), caused a significant increase of the mean arm muscle force by 7% (handgrip test, p < 0.05) [10].
  • Groups of rats were either injected daily for 6 weeks with triamcinolone acetonide, 1 mg/kg (group S), subjected to a weight-lifting program 4 times per week (group T), or subjected to the injection and weight-lifting programs concurrently (group ST) [11].

Gene context of Weight Lifting

  • The individual changes during this preparatory 4-week training before the primary competition in serum testosterone/SHBG ratio and the individual changes in the weight lifting result in the clean and jerk lift correlated significantly with each other (r = .68; P less than 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[12]
  • Growth hormone responses during intermittent weight lifting exercise in men [13].
  • This investigation compared ratings of perceived exertion specific to the active muscles used during resistance exercise (RPE-AM) using the 15-category Borg scale during high-intensity (HIP) and low-intensity (LIP) weight lifting [14].
  • Thus, the present results suggested that participation in weight lifting exercises for a long period could increase bone CSA as well as muscle CSA, and induce in the participants a noticeable enlargement in given sites and muscle groups responsible for performing the Olympic lifts [15].
  • The purpose of this study was to determine whether high intensity weight lifting exercise produces elevations of urinary 3-methylhistidine (3-MH), serum creatine kinase activity (CK), and serum myoglobin concentration (MY), and whether trained weight lifters differed in such responses when compared to a group of untrained subjects [16].


  1. Testosterone replacement increases fat-free mass and muscle size in hypogonadal men. Bhasin, S., Storer, T.W., Berman, N., Yarasheski, K.E., Clevenger, B., Phillips, J., Lee, W.P., Bunnell, T.J., Casaburi, R. J. Clin. Endocrinol. Metab. (1997) [Pubmed]
  2. Exercise and protein intake effects on urinary 3-methylhistidine excretion. Hickson, J.F., Hinkelmann, K. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. (1985) [Pubmed]
  3. Independent digit control: failure to partition perceived heaviness of weights lifted by digits of the human hand. Kilbreath, S.L., Gandevia, S.C. J. Physiol. (Lond.) (1991) [Pubmed]
  4. Cardiovascular tolerance of healthy elderly subjects to weight-lifting exercises. Bermon, S., Rama, D., Dolisi, C. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. (2000) [Pubmed]
  5. Comparison of two regimens of concurrent strength and endurance training. Sale, D.G., Jacobs, I., MacDougall, J.D., Garner, S. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. (1990) [Pubmed]
  6. Effects of chromium picolinate supplementation on body composition, strength, and urinary chromium loss in football players. Clancy, S.P., Clarkson, P.M., DeCheke, M.E., Nosaka, K., Freedson, P.S., Cunningham, J.J., Valentine, B. International journal of sport nutrition. (1994) [Pubmed]
  7. Effect of strength training on glucose tolerance and post-glucose insulin response. Miller, W.J., Sherman, W.M., Ivy, J.L. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. (1984) [Pubmed]
  8. Differential effects of running and weight-lifting on the rat coronary arterial tree. Ho, K.W., Roy, R.R., Taylor, J.F., Heusner, W.W., Van Huss, W.D. Medicine and science in sports and exercise. (1983) [Pubmed]
  9. Salivary cortisol and testosterone variations during an official and a simulated weight-lifting competition. Passelergue, P., Robert, A., Lac, G. International journal of sports medicine. (1995) [Pubmed]
  10. Lymphocyte subpopulations and concentrations of soluble CD8 and CD4 antigen after anaerobic training. Weiss, C., Kinscherf, R., Roth, S., Friedmann, B., Fischbach, T., Reus, J., Dröge, W., Bärtsch, P. International journal of sports medicine. (1995) [Pubmed]
  11. Effects of a mild weight-lifting program on the progress of glucocorticoid-induced atrophy in rat hindlimb muscles. Gardiner, P.F., Hibl, B., Simpson, D.R., Roy, R., Edgerton, V.R. Pflugers Arch. (1980) [Pubmed]
  12. Relationships between training volume, physical performance capacity, and serum hormone concentrations during prolonged training in elite weight lifters. Häkkinen, K., Pakarinen, A., Alén, M., Kauhanen, H., Komi, P.V. International journal of sports medicine. (1987) [Pubmed]
  13. Growth hormone responses during intermittent weight lifting exercise in men. Vanhelder, W.P., Radomski, M.W., Goode, R.C. European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology. (1984) [Pubmed]
  14. Ratings of perceived exertion in active muscle during high-intensity and low-intensity resistance exercise. Gearhart, R.F., Goss, F.L., Lagally, K.M., Jakicic, J.M., Gallagher, J., Gallagher, K.I., Robertson, R.J. Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association. (2002) [Pubmed]
  15. Body composition and cross-sectional areas of limb lean tissues in Olympic weight lifters. Kanehisa, H., Ikegawa, S., Fukunaga, T. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports. (1998) [Pubmed]
  16. Serum and urinary markers of skeletal muscle tissue damage after weight lifting exercise. Paul, G.L., DeLany, J.P., Snook, J.T., Seifert, J.G., Kirby, T.E. European journal of applied physiology and occupational physiology. (1989) [Pubmed]
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