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Psychiatry related information on Prognathism

  • Here, we report on an unusual case of i(12p) in a 15-year-old boy presenting with mild mental retardation, minor facial features (long face, prognathism, short neck), normal weight, length, and OFC parameters as well as hyperpigmented streaks [1].

High impact information on Prognathism

  • Characteristics seen in these patients are microcephaly, lean body habitus, short stature, striking facial appearance with long narrow faces, upward slant of the eyes, malar hypoplasia, prognathism, high-arched palate and nasal speech [2].
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood samples for the measurement of IL-6, IL-10, CRP, neutrophil counts, and neutrophil function were drawn from 21 patients with mandibular prognathism at 2 days before, and at 1 and 3 days after orthognathic surgery [3].
  • All patients who participated in this study had skeletal mandibular prognathism characterized by a small occlusal plane angle in respect to the S-N plane [4].
  • The study group comprised 40 patients who had mandibular prognathism (20, titanium group; 20, PLLA group) [5].
  • This study was undertaken to determine whether angles SNA and ANB genuinely represent both the degree of maxillary prognathism and the intermaxillary relationship in natural head position (NHP) [6].

Biological context of Prognathism


Anatomical context of Prognathism

  • The anteroposterior occlusal curves with maxillary prognathism showed larger curvatures in maxilla and mandible, while the curves with reversed occlusion showed smaller curvatures in mandible comparing with the curves with normal occlusion [8].
  • However, after protraction there was no longer a significant difference in maxillary prognathism between the two CLP groups, and the sagittal position of the upper molars was normalized in both groups [9].

Gene context of Prognathism

  • Treatment of minimal prognathism by midline mandibular ostectomy [10].
  • A trident approach: the surgical correction of mandibular prognathism. One case report, twenty years of post-surgery [11].
  • New concepts in the surgical management of mandibular prognathism. Part 1: ostectomy of the body of the mandible [12].
  • Five new cases are presented of a syndrome characterized mainly by severe mental retardation, epilepsy, puppet-like ataxic movements, microbrachycephaly, prognathism, tongue protrusion, and inappropriate paroxysms of laughter [13].

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Prognathism


  1. Mild phenotype in a 15-year-old boy with Pallister-Killian syndrome. Genevieve, D., Cormier-Daire, V., Sanlaville, D., Faivre, L., Gosset, P., Allart, L., Picq, M., Munnich, A., Romana, S., de Blois, M., Vekemans, M. Am. J. Med. Genet. A (2003) [Pubmed]
  2. Genotype-phenotype studies in three families with mutations in the polyglutamine-binding protein 1 gene (PQBP1). Kleefstra, T., Franken, C.E., Arens, Y.H., Ramakers, G.J., Yntema, H.G., Sistermans, E.A., Hulsmans, C.F., Nillesen, W.N., van Bokhoven, H., de Vries, B.B., Hamel, B.C. Clin. Genet. (2004) [Pubmed]
  3. Clinical evaluation of circulating interleukin-6 and interleukin-10 levels after surgery-induced inflammation. Miyaoka, K., Iwase, M., Suzuki, R., Kondo, G., Watanabe, H., Ito, D., Nagumo, M. J. Surg. Res. (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. Model surgery technique for Le Fort I osteotomy--alteration in occlusal plane associated with upward transposition of posterior maxilla. Yosano, A., Yamamoto, M., Shouno, T., Shiiki, S., Hamase, M., Kasahara, K., Takaki, T., Takano, N., Uchiyama, T., Shibahara, T. Bull. Tokyo Dent. Coll. (2005) [Pubmed]
  5. Changes in condylar long axis and skeletal stability after bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy with poly-L-lactic acid or titanium plate fixation. Ueki, K., Nakagawa, K., Marukawa, K., Takazakura, D., Shimada, M., Takatsuka, S., Yamamoto, E. International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery. (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. Extracranial versus intracranial references in individual cephalometric analysis. Ozbek, M.M., Köklü, A. British journal of orthodontics. (1994) [Pubmed]
  7. Reaction of mastication to occlusal changes induced by correction of mandibular prognathism. Pröschel, P.A., Hümmer, H., Hofmann, M., Spitzer, W. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry. (1990) [Pubmed]
  8. Computer-assisted morphological analysis of dental casts with maxillary prognathism and reversed occlusion. Kojima, T., Sohmura, T., Wakabayashi, K., Kinuta, S., Nagao, M., Dei, N., Nakamura, T., Takahashi, J. Journal of oral rehabilitation. (2004) [Pubmed]
  9. Maxillary protraction: different effects on facial morphology in unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate patients. Tindlund, R.S., Rygh, P. The Cleft palate-craniofacial journal : official publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association. (1993) [Pubmed]
  10. Treatment of minimal prognathism by midline mandibular ostectomy. MacDonald, G.B., Choukas, N.C., Skuble, D.F. Journal of oral surgery (American Dental Association : 1965) (1975) [Pubmed]
  11. A trident approach: the surgical correction of mandibular prognathism. One case report, twenty years of post-surgery. Kaner, A., Schulman, S., Kaplan, H. Journal - Connecticut State Dental Association. (1981) [Pubmed]
  12. New concepts in the surgical management of mandibular prognathism. Part 1: ostectomy of the body of the mandible. Younis A el-B, n.u.l.l., Ragab, R.R., Mekkey M el-H, n.u.l.l. Egyptian dental journal. (1978) [Pubmed]
  13. The puppet-like syndrome of Angelman. Dooley, J.M., Berg, J.M., Pakula, Z., MacGregor, D.L. Am. J. Dis. Child. (1981) [Pubmed]
  14. Changes in bite force and occlusal contacts in patients treated for mandibular prognathism by orthognathic surgery. Iwase, M., Sugimori, M., Kurachi, Y., Nagumo, M. J. Oral Maxillofac. Surg. (1998) [Pubmed]
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