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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression and release of insulin-like growth factor binding proteins in isolated epiphyseal growth plate chondrocytes from the ovine fetus.

Insulin-like growth factor-II (IGF-II) is an autocrine modulator of epiphyseal chondrogenesis in the fetus. The cellular availability of IGFs are influenced by the IGF-binding proteins (IGFBPs). In this study, we investigated the control of expression and release of IGFBPs from isolated epiphyseal growth plate chondrocytes from the ovine fetus by hormones and growth factors implicated in the chondrogenic process. Chondrocytes were isolated from the proliferative zone of the fetal ovine proximal tibial growth plate and maintained in monolayer culture at early passage number. Culture media conditioned by chondrocytes under basal conditions released IGFBPs of 24, 34, and 29 kDa, and a less abundant species of 39-43 kDa that were identified immunologically as IGFBP-4, IGFBP-2, IGFBP-5, and IGFBP-3, respectively. Messenger RNAs encoding each species were identified by Northern blot analysis within chondrocytes, as was mRNA encoding IGFBP-6. Exposure to IGF-I or IGF-II (13 or 26 nM) caused an increase in expression and release of IGFBP-3. The release of IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-5 were also potentiated without changes to steady state mRNA, and for IGFBP-5 this was due in part to a release from the cell membrane in the presence of IGF-II. Insulin (16.7 or 167 nM) selectively increased mRNA and the release of IGFBP-3, while cortisol (1 or 5 microM) inhibited both mRNA and release of IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-5. Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) (0.1 or 0.2 nM) increased the expression and release of IGFBP-3, and caused an increase in mRNAs encoding IGFBP-2 and IGFBP-5. Neither growth hormone ( GH), fibroblast growth factor-2, nor thyroxine (T(4)) had any effect on IGFBP expression or release. The results suggest that IGFBP expression and release within the developing growth plate can be modulated by IGF-II and other trophic factors, thus controlling IGF availability and action.[1]


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