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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Decorin is produced by capillary endothelial cells in inflammation-associated angiogenesis.

Decorin is a small extracellular chondroitin/dermatan sulfate proteoglycan that has previously been shown to be involved in the angiogenesis-like behavior of endothelial cells (ECs) in vitro. There is also evidence that decorin plays a role in angiogenesis in vivo. In this study we sought to further explore the involvement of decorin in angiogenesis in vivo, especially in that associated with inflammation. We found by CD31 immunostaining of ECs that in giant cell arteritis there are capillary blood vessels not only in the adventitia as in uninvolved temporal artery wall, but also in the media and the external zone of the thickened intima. Localization of decorin by antiserum LF-30 in adjacent sections showed that in normal temporal artery wall decorin resides mainly in the media and the adventitia, whereas in inflamed temporal artery wall decorin is distributed throughout the vessel wall including the intima. Furthermore, the most intense reaction for decorin was evident in ECs of capillary neovessels within the media and the thickened intima of inflamed temporal artery wall. Decorin was also found in capillary ECs in certain pathological and physiological conditions in which the pivotal role of angiogenesis is more generally accepted. Pyogenic granulomas, granulation tissue of healing dermal wounds, and ovaries at different phases of follicle and corpus luteum formation all contained widely distributed CD31-positive capillaries. Decorin, on the other hand, was found in capillary ECs in pyogenic granulomas and granulation tissue, but not in those in the ovaries. The assessment of the degree of inflammation in the specimens with the presence of CD68-positive macrophages showed that the pyogenic granuloma, granulation tissue, and giant cell arteritis specimens were rich in macrophages around the decorin-positive capillaries. In contrast, the ovarian specimens were populated with fewer macrophages and even they were not located in close vicinity of capillaries negative for decorin. Our results confirm that decorin is involved in angiogenesis in vivo and, particularly, in conditions in which the inflammatory component is dominant.[1]


  1. Decorin is produced by capillary endothelial cells in inflammation-associated angiogenesis. Nelimarkka, L., Salminen, H., Kuopio, T., Nikkari, S., Ekfors, T., Laine, J., Pelliniemi, L., Järveläinen, H. Am. J. Pathol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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