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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Platelet/polymorphonuclear leukocyte adhesion: a new role for SRC kinases in Mac-1 adhesive function triggered by P-selectin.

Adhesion of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNLs) to activated platelets requires a P-selectin-triggered, tyrosine kinase-dependent adhesiveness of Mac-1 and is accompanied by tyrosine phosphorylation of a 110-kd protein (P-110) in PMNLs. Inhibitors of SRC tyrosine kinases were found to inhibit PMNL adhesion to activated platelets or to P-selectin expressing Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-P) cells and the tyrosine phosphorylation of P-110. Adhesion of PMNLs to activated platelets or to CHO-P cells stimulated activity of LYN and HCK. Monoclonal antibody blockade of P-selectin or beta2-integrins reduced the activation of both kinases. In PMNLs either adherent to platelets or aggregated by P-selectin-IgG chimera, Mac-1 was rapidly redistributed to the Triton X-100-insoluble cytoskeletal fraction, and large clusters of Mac-1 colocalized with patches of F-actin at the sites of cell-cell contact. In PMNLs stimulated by P-selectin-IgG chimera, SRC kinase inhibition impaired Mac-1 clustering, F-actin accumulation, and CD18 redistribution to the cytoskeleton. Disruption of the actin filament network by cytochalasin D prevented PMNL-platelet adhesion and P-selectin-induced PMNL aggregation and impaired the clustering of Mac-1. In agreement with the requirement for the beta2-integrin in the functional up-regulation of LYN and HCK, integrin blockade by monoclonal antibodies resulted in a complete inhibition of P-selectin-induced Mac-1 clustering and F-actin accumulation. Taken together, the results indicate that, after an initial P-selectin-triggered beta2-integrin interaction with the ligand, SRC kinases are activated and allow the remodeling of cytoskeleton-integrin linkages and integrin clustering that finally strengthen cell-cell adhesion. This model highlights a new role for SRC kinases in a regulatory loop by which the Mac-1 promotes its own adhesive function.[1]


  1. Platelet/polymorphonuclear leukocyte adhesion: a new role for SRC kinases in Mac-1 adhesive function triggered by P-selectin. Piccardoni, P., Sideri, R., Manarini, S., Piccoli, A., Martelli, N., de Gaetano, G., Cerletti, C., Evangelista, V. Blood (2001) [Pubmed]
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