The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma stimulates the growth arrest and DNA-damage inducible 153 gene in non-small cell lung carcinoma cells.

Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)-gamma by the thiazolidinedione (TZD) class of antidiabetic drugs elicits growth inhibition in a variety of malignant tumors. We clarified the effects of TZDs on growth of human non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cells that express endogenous PPAR-gamma. Troglitazone and pioglitazone caused inhibition of cellular growth and induced apoptosis of NSCLC cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. Subtraction cloning analysis identified that troglitazone stimulated expression of the growth arrest and DNA-damage inducible (GADD)153 gene, and the increased expression of GADD153 mRNA was also confirmed by an array analysis of the 160 apoptosis-related genes. Western blot analysis revealed that troglitazone also increased GADD153 protein levels in a time-dependent manner. Troglitazone did not stimulate GADD153 mRNA levels in undifferentiated 3T3-L1 cells lacking PPAR-gamma expression, whereas its induction was clearly observed in differentiated adipocytes expressing PPAR-gamma. Activity of the GADD153 promoter occurred in a NSCLC cell line in transient transcription assays and was significantly stimulated by troglitazone, although binding of PPAR/retinoid X receptor heterodimer was not detected in the promoter region in gel retardation assays. Inhibition of GADD153 gene expression by an antisense phosphorothionate oligonucleotide attenuated the troglitazone-induced growth inhibition. These findings collectively indicated that activation of PPAR-gamma by TZDs could cause growth inhibition and apoptosis of NSCLC cells and that GADD153 might be a candidate factor implicated in these processes.[1]

References

  1. Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma stimulates the growth arrest and DNA-damage inducible 153 gene in non-small cell lung carcinoma cells. Satoh, T., Toyoda, M., Hoshino, H., Monden, T., Yamada, M., Shimizu, H., Miyamoto, K., Mori, M., Yamada, M., Mori, M. Oncogene (2002) [Pubmed]
 
WikiGenes - Universities