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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

cDNA microarray analysis of gene expression in rat alveolar macrophages in response to organic extract of diesel exhaust particles.

Diesel exhaust particles (DEP) induce pulmonary diseases including asthma and chronic bronchitis. Comprehensive evaluation is required to know the effects of pollutants including DEP on these and other lung diseases. Alveolar macrophages (AM) and epithelial cells are important cellular targets for pollutants such as DEP in the lung. Alveolar macrophages encounter and phagocytose DEP in the alveolar space, and their biological responses have been implicated in DEP-induced pulmonary diseases. Expression profiles of genes induced by DEP in AM will lead to better understanding of the mechanisms involved in pulmonary diseases. To characterize the effect of the DEP extract on AM systematically, we analyzed the gene expression in AM exposed to DEP extract using the Atlas Rat Toxicology Array II. The finding in cDNA microarray was further confirmed by Northern blot analysis. AM were exposed to 10 microg/ml of DEP extract for 6 h in order to elucidate early response to DEP extract in AM. Early response to DEP extract in AM may affect the alteration of gene expression in subsequent responses so that it is important to identify the alteration in early response. In this study, the transcription of 6 genes in the cDNA microarray was significantly elevated by exposure of the AM to DEP extract. These genes were heme oxygenase (HO)-1 and -2, thioredoxin peroxidase 2 (TDPX-2), glutathione S-transferase P subunit (GST-P), NAD(P)H dehydrogenase, and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA). The antioxidative enzymes such as HO, TDPX-2, GST-P, and NAD(P)H dehydrogenase may play a role in the pulmonary defense against oxidative stress caused by various pollutants including DEP. PCNA may have contributed to the repair of DNA damage and to cell proliferation caused by exposure to these pollutants. Our results suggest that cDNA microarray analysis is a useful tool to investigate the biological responses to pulmonary toxicants.[1]


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