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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Prospective evaluation of risk factors of cutaneous drug reactions to sulfonamides in patients with AIDS.

BACKGROUND: Persons with HIV infection have increased rates of drug eruptions. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the risk factors of drug eruptions in response to sulfonamides in patients with AIDS, using a case-control analysis. METHODS: One hundred thirty-six patients who were hospitalized for pneumocystosis or toxoplasmosis were evaluated at the onset of treatment for various risk factors, which were then compared among patients with (48, 36%) and without (88, 64%) a drug eruption. RESULTS: In multivariate analysis, high CD8(+) cell count and age less than 36 years indicated a risk of drug eruption (respective odds ratios: 3.5 [95% CI 1.6-7.8], P =.002, and 2.1 [95% CI 1-4.6], P =.06). Markers of viral replication for HIV, Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus, human herpesvirus 6, and parvovirus B19, slow acetylation phenotype or genotype, and glutathione level were not associated with a risk. Administration of corticosteroids had no preventive effect. CONCLUSIONS: Our results challenge several current concepts regarding drug eruptions by discarding a strong association with glutathione deficiency, slow acetylation, or active viral infections and by showing no preventive effect of corticosteroids.[1]


  1. Prospective evaluation of risk factors of cutaneous drug reactions to sulfonamides in patients with AIDS. Eliaszewicz, M., Flahault, A., Roujeau, J.C., Fillet, A.M., Challine, D., Mansouri, S., Wolkenstein, P., Aractingi, S., Penso-Assathiany, D., Maslo, C., Bourgault-Villada, I., Chosidow, O., Caumes, E. J. Am. Acad. Dermatol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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