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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Dok-related protein negatively regulates T cell development via its RasGTPase- activating protein and Nck docking sites.

Downstream of kinase (Dok)-related protein (DokR, also known as p56(dok)/FRIP/Dok-R) is implicated in cytokine and immunoreceptor signaling in myeloid and T cells. Tyrosine phosphorylation induces DokR to bind the signal relay molecules, RasGTPase-activating protein (RasGAP) and Nck. Here, we have examined the function of DokR during hematopoietic development and the requirement for RasGAP and Nck binding sites in its biological function. Retroviral-mediated expression of DokR in bone marrow cells dramatically inhibited their capacity to form colonies in vitro in response to the cytokines macrophage colony-stimulating factor and stem cell factor, whereas responses to interleukin-3 and granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor were only weakly affected. When introduced into lethally irradiated mice, hematopoietic cells expressing DokR showed a drastically reduced capacity to repopulate lymphoid tissues. Most notably, DokR dramatically reduced repopulation of the thymus, in part by reducing the number of T cell precursors seeding in the thymus, but equally, through inhibiting the transition of CD4(-)CD8(-) to CD4(+)CD8(+) T cells. Consequently, the number of mature peripheral T cells was markedly reduced. In contrast, a minimal effect on B cell and myeloid lineage development was observed. Importantly, functional RasGAP and Nck binding sites were found to be essential for the biological effects of DokR in vitro and in vivo.[1]


  1. Dok-related protein negatively regulates T cell development via its RasGTPase-activating protein and Nck docking sites. Gugasyan, R., Quilici, C., I, S.T., Grail, D., Verhagen, A.M., Roberts, A., Kitamura, T., Dunn, A.R., Lock, P. J. Cell Biol. (2002) [Pubmed]
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