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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

NADPH-dependent reductases and polyol formation in human leukemia cell lines.

Because of the limited availability of human tissues, leukemia cell lines are often utilized as the models for human leukocytes. In this study, we investigated the NADPH-dependent reductases and polyol pathway in commonly utilized human leukemia cell lines. The relative amounts of aldose and aldehyde reductases were estimated by separating two enzymes with chromatofocusing. The flux of glucose through the polyol pathway was examined by 19F-NMR using 3-fluoro-3-deoxy-D-glucose (3FG) as substrate. Sugar alcohol analysis was conducted by gas chromatography. In myelocytic leukemia cells, the major reductase was aldehyde reductase, and levels of aldose reductase were extremely low. Although lymphocytic cells also contained both aldose and aldehyde reductases, the levels of aldose reductase appeared to be higher in lymphocytic cells than myeolcytic cells. In two lymphocytic cells MOLT-4 and SKW6.4, aldose reductase is clearly dominant. When incubated in medium containing D-galactose, all cell lines quickly accumulated galactitol. There was correlation between galactitol levels and aldose reductase levels. The aldose reductase inhibitor FK 366 significantly reduced the formation of galactitol. 19F-NMR of the cells cultured with 3FG as substrate demonstrated the formation of 3-fluoro-3-dexoy-sorbitol in all the cell lines examined in this study. The relative amounts of sorbitol and fructose varied significantly among the cells. The data confirm that the polyol pathway is present in both myelocytic and lymphocytic leukemia cell lines. However, there is a large variation among the cell lines in the levels of enzymes and flux of glucose through the polyol pathway.[1]


  1. NADPH-dependent reductases and polyol formation in human leukemia cell lines. Sato, S., Secchi, E.F., Sakurai, S., Ohta, N., Fukase, S., Lizak, M.J. Chem. Biol. Interact. (2003) [Pubmed]
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