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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Upregulation of B7 molecules (CD80 and CD86) and exacerbated eosinophilic pulmonary inflammatory response in mice lacking the IFN-beta gene.

BACKGROUND: IFN-beta has been shown to be effective as therapy for multiple sclerosis. Some reports attributed its beneficial effects to the capacity to induce a T(H)2 response. However, other studies have suggested that endogenous type I IFN might downregulate the allergic response in mice. OBJECTIVE: We sought to define the differential role of endogenous IFN-beta in controlling the development of allergic inflammation. METHODS: We assessed whether deletion of the gene encoding IFN-beta (IFNB) with knockout mice participated in the development of allergic response in ovalbumin (OVA)-sensitized and OVA-challenged mice. RESULTS: OVA-sensitized and OVA-challenged mice with lack of the IFNB gene had more severe pulmonary inflammation with increased lung local response, including IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, IgE, eosinophilia, and goblet cells, than their litter mates (IFN-beta+/-), whereas no differences were observed in regard to local levels of IFN-gamma. Moreover, systemic response with IgE production is also enhanced. Lack of IFN-beta also results in significantly higher antigen-specific T cells, with higher levels of IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13, whereas no significant differences in IFN-gamma response could be observed. We have also detected a higher ratio of CD4+/CD8+ T cells and increased expression of B7.1/B7.2 on B cells and antigen-presenting cells in IFNB knockout mice. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that IFN-beta plays an important role in immunoregulation of allergic response in mice. The stronger pulmonary inflammation could be a consequence of significantly expanded antigen-specific CD4+ T(H)2 cells as a result of efficient antigen presentation by antigen-presenting cells and hence increased production of IgE by B cells.[1]


  1. Upregulation of B7 molecules (CD80 and CD86) and exacerbated eosinophilic pulmonary inflammatory response in mice lacking the IFN-beta gene. Matheu, V., Treschow, A., Navikas, V., Issazadeh-Navikas, S. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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