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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of glutamate efflux from preoptic area synaptosomes.

Treatment of ovariectomized rats in vivo with ovarian steroids has been found to influence the efflux of glutamate and gamma-aminobutyric acid from preoptic area synaptosomes incubated in vitro. Since these studies indicated a possible role of the glutamate carrier in steroid-modulated release of amino acids, the present studies examined the characteristics of efflux of glutamate and of the carrier system for glutamate in synaptosomes of the preoptic area derived from ovariectomized hormone-treated rats. The efflux of [3H]glutamate from preoptic area synaptosomes, was induced by glutamate and by the glutamate carrier agonist, D-aspartate; the putative glutamate carrier antagonist dihydrokainate failed to block this efflux. Dihydrokainate inhibited the uptake of glutamate but it was less effective than D-aspartate. The excitatory amino acid receptor agonists, N-methyl-D-aspartate and kainate were without effect while quisqualate modestly stimulated the efflux of [3H]glutamate. Efflux of [3H]glutamate, induced by glutamate itself or by D-aspartate was not blocked by the excitatory amino acid receptor antagonists, D-2-amino-5-phosphonovaleric acid, 6,7-dinitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione or kynurenate. Glutamate-induced efflux of [3H]glutamate did not require external Ca2+. Glutamate altered neither the basal nor the potassium-induced increases in the intrasynaptosomal concentration of Ca2+ as measured by the fura-2 method. Glutamate-induced efflux of [3H]glutamate was blocked by the putative chloride channel antagonist, 4,4'-diisothiocyanatostilbene-2,2'-disulfonic acid. It is concluded that the glutamate-induced efflux of [3H]glutamate in synaptosomes of the preoptic area is a carrier-mediated process that does not require activation of receptors.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Characterization of glutamate efflux from preoptic area synaptosomes. Fleischmann, A., Makman, M.H., Etgen, A.M. Neuropharmacology (1992) [Pubmed]
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