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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Myosin phosphatase-Rho interacting protein. A new member of the myosin phosphatase complex that directly binds RhoA.

Regulation of vascular smooth muscle cell contractile state is critical for the maintenance of blood vessel tone. Abnormal vascular smooth muscle cell contractility plays an important role in the pathogenesis of hypertension, blood vessel spasm, and atherosclerosis. Myosin phosphatase, the key enzyme controlling myosin light chain dephosphorylation, regulates smooth muscle cell contraction. Vasoconstrictor and vasodilator pathways inhibit and activate myosin phosphatase, respectively. G-protein-coupled receptor agonists can inhibit myosin phosphatase and cause smooth muscle cell contraction by activating RhoA/Rho kinase, whereas NO/cGMP can activate myosin phosphatase and cause smooth muscle cell relaxation by activation of cGMP-dependent protein kinase. We have used yeast two-hybrid screening to identify a 116-kDa human protein that interacts with both myosin phosphatase and RhoA. This myosin phosphatase-RhoA interacting protein, or M-RIP, is highly homologous to murine p116RIP3, is expressed in vascular smooth muscle, and is localized to actin myofilaments. M-RIP binds directly to the myosin binding subunit of myosin phosphatase in vivo in vascular smooth muscle cells by an interaction between coiled-coil and leucine zipper domains in the two proteins. An adjacent domain of M-RIP directly binds RhoA in a nucleotide-independent manner. M-RIP copurifies with RhoA and Rho kinase, colocalizes on actin stress fibers with RhoA and MBS, and is associated with Rho kinase activity in vascular smooth muscle cells. M-RIP can assemble a complex containing both RhoA and MBS, suggesting that M-RIP may play a role in myosin phosphatase regulation by RhoA.[1]

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