The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

KNQ1, a Kluyveromyces lactis gene encoding a drug efflux permease.

Several transport systems play an important role in conferring multiple drug resistance, presumably due to their catalysis of the energy-dependent extrusion of a large number of structurally and functionally unrelated compounds out of the cells. In the present work, the gene named KNQ1 (encoding Kluyveromyces lactis membrane permease) was cloned by functional complementation of the cycloheximide-hypersensitivity phenotype of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant strain lacking a functional PDR5 gene. The isolated gene exhibited 48.9% identity with the S. cerevisiae ATR1 gene conferring resistance to aminotriazole and 4-nitroquinoline- N-oxide and encoded a protein of 553 amino acids. When present in multicopy, it efficiently complemented the phenotype associated with the Delta pdr5 or Delta pdr1Delta pdr3 mutations in S. cerevisiae. Overexpression of the KNQ1 gene in K. lactis wild-type strains led to resistance against several cytotoxic compounds, like 4-nitroquinoline- N-oxide, 3-aminotriazole, bifonazole and ketoconazole. The gene was assigned to K. lactis chromosome III and its expression was found to be responsive to oxidative stress induced by hydrogen peroxide. Based on the phenotype of homologous and heterologous transformants, we propose that the gene encodes a membrane-associated component of the machinery responsible for decreasing the concentration of several toxic compounds in the cytoplasm of yeast cells.[1]


  1. KNQ1, a Kluyveromyces lactis gene encoding a drug efflux permease. Takacova, M., Imrichova, D., Cernicka, J., Gbelska, Y., Subik, J. Curr. Genet. (2004) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities