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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Induction of lysosomal and plasma membrane-bound sialidases in human T-cells via T-cell receptor.

Among the three isoenzymes of neuraminidase ( Neu) or sialidase, Neu-1 has been suggested to be induced by cell activation and to be involved in IL (interleukin)-4 biosynthesis in murine T-cells. In the present study, we found that antigen-induced airway eosinophilia, a typical response dependent on Th2 (T-helper cell type 2) cytokines, as well as mRNA expression of Th2 cytokines, including IL-4, are suppressed in Neu-1-deficient mice, thereby demonstrating the in vivo role of murine Neu-1 in regulation of Th2 cytokines. To elucidate the roles of various sialidases in human T-cell activation, we investigated their tissue distribution, gene induction and function. Neu-1 is the predominant isoenzyme at the mRNA level in most tissues and cells in both mice and humans, including T-cells. T-cells also have significant levels of Neu-3 mRNAs, albeit much lower than those of Neu-1, whereas the levels of Neu-2 mRNAs are minimal. In human T-cells, both Neu-1 and Neu-3 mRNAs are significantly induced by T-cell-receptor stimulation, as is sialidase activity against 4-methylumbelliferyl- N -acetylneuramic acid (a substrate for both Neu-1 and Neu-3) and the ganglioside G(D1a) [NeuAcalpha2-3Galbeta1-3GalNAcbeta1-4(NeuAcalpha2-3)Galbeta1-4Glcbeta1-cer] (a substrate for Neu-3, but not for Neu-1). The expression of the two sialidase genes may be under differential regulation. Western blot analysis and enzymic comparison with recombinant sialidases have revealed that Neu-3 is induced as a major isoform in activated cells. The induction of Neu-1 and Neu-3 in T-cells is unique. In human monocytes and neutrophils stimulated with various agents, the only observation of sialidase induction has been by IL-1 in neutrophils. Functionally, a major difference has been observed in Jurkat T-cell lines over-expressing Neu-1- and Neu-3. Upon T-cell receptor stimulation, IL-2, interferon-gamma, IL-4 and IL-13 are induced in the Neu-1 line, whereas in the Neu-3 line the same cytokines are induced, with the exception of IL-4. Taken together, these results suggest an important immunoregulatory role for both Neu-1 and Neu-3 in humans.[1]


  1. Induction of lysosomal and plasma membrane-bound sialidases in human T-cells via T-cell receptor. Wang, P., Zhang, J., Bian, H., Wu, P., Kuvelkar, R., Kung, T.T., Crawley, Y., Egan, R.W., Billah, M.M. Biochem. J. (2004) [Pubmed]
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