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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The role of the cytoskeleton in cellular adhesion molecule expression in tumor necrosis factor-stimulated endothelial cells.

Leukocyte infiltration is a hallmark of the atherosclerotic lesion. These cells are captured by cellular adhesion molecules (CAMs), including vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), platelet-endothelial cell adhesion molecule (PECAM), and E-selectin, on endothelial cells (EC). We examined the role of the actin cytoskeleton in tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha)-induced translocation of CAMs to the cell surface. Human aortic EC were grown on 96-well plates and an ELISA was used to assess surface expression of the CAMs. TNF-alpha increased VCAM-1, ICAM-1, and E-selectin by 4 h but had no affect on the expression of PECAM. A functioning actin cytoskeleton was important for VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 expression as both cytochalasin D, an actin filament disruptor, and jasplakinolide, an actin filament stabilizer, attenuated the expression of these CAMs. These compounds were ineffective in altering E-selectin surface expression. Myosin light chains are phosphorylated in response to TNF-alpha and this appears to be regulated by Rho kinase instead of myosin light chain kinase. However, the Rho kinase inhibitor, Y27632, had no affect on TNF-alpha-induced CAM expression. ML-7, a myosin light chain kinase inhibitor, had a modest inhibitory effect on the translocation of VCAM-1 but not on ICAM-1 or E-selectin. These data suggest that the surface expression of VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 is dependent on cycling of the actin cytoskeleton. Nevertheless, modulation of actin filaments via myosin light chain phosphorylation is not necessary. The regulation of E-selectin surface expression differs from that of the other CAMs.[1]


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