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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of the PGI2/IP system in cultured rat mesangial cells.

Mesangial cells play an important role in glomerular function. They are an important source of cyclooxygenase (COX)-derived arachidonic acid metabolites, including prostaglandin E(2) and prostacyclin. Prostacyclin receptor (IP) mRNA was amplified from cultured mesangial cell total RNA by RT-PCR. While the prostaglandin E(2) receptor subtype EP(2) was not detected, EP(1,3,4) mRNA was amplified. Also, IP protein was noted in mesangial cells, proximal tubules, inner medullary collecting ducts, and the inner and outer medulla. But no protein was detected in whole cortex preparations. Prostacyclin analogues: cicaprost and iloprost, increased cAMP levels in mesangial cells. On the other hand, arginine-vasopressin and angiotensin II increased intracellular calcium in mesangial cells, but cicaprost, iloprost and prostaglandin E(2) had no effect. Moreover, a 50% inhibition of cicaprost- and iloprost-cAMP stimulation was observed upon mesangial cell exposure to 25 and 35 mM glucose for 5 days. But no change in IP mRNA was observed at any glucose concentration or time exposure. Although 25 mM glucose had no effect on COX-1 protein levels, COX-2 was increased up to 50%. In contrast, PGIS levels were reduced by 50%. Thus, we conclude that the prostacyclin/IP system is present in cultured rat mesangial cells, coupling to a cAMP stimulatory pathway. High glucose altered both enzymes in the PGI(2) synthesis pathway, increasing COX-2 but reducing PGIS. In addition, glucose diminished the cAMP response to prostacyclin analogues. Therefore, glucose attenuates the PGI(2)/IP system in cultured rat mesangial cells.[1]


  1. Characterization of the PGI2/IP system in cultured rat mesangial cells. Nasrallah, R., Landry, A., Scholey, J.W., Hébert, R.L. Prostaglandins Leukot. Essent. Fatty Acids (2004) [Pubmed]
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