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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

ClC-2 chloride secretion mediates prostaglandin-induced recovery of barrier function in ischemia-injured porcine ileum.

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Ischemia results in the breakdown of the intestinal barrier, predisposing patients to sepsis and multiple organ failure. Prostaglandins play a critical role in mediating recovery of barrier function in ischemia-injured intestine through a mechanism involving stimulation of Cl - secretion. In the present study, we investigated the contributory role of individual Cl - channels in the recovery of barrier function in ischemia-injured porcine ileum. METHODS: Ischemia-injured porcine ileal mucosa was mounted in Ussing chambers. Short-circuit current (Isc) and transepithelial resistance (TER) were measured in response to prostaglandin E 2 (PGE 2 ) and pharmacologic inhibitors of epithelial Cl - channels. Immunoassays were used to assess the expression and localization of ion channels. RESULTS: Application of PGE 2 to ischemia-injured ileal mucosa stimulated increases in Isc, an indicator of Cl - secretion, that was followed by marked increases in TER, an indicator of barrier function recovery. In vitro studies revealed that although PGE 2 induced Cl - secretion via at least 3 distinct secretory pathways, recovery of barrier function was initiated by Cl - secretion via ClC-2 Cl - channels co-expressed with occludin and localized to tight junctions within restituting epithelium. Intravenous administration of furosemide to pigs subjected to 1 hour of ileal ischemia impaired recovery of barrier function, as evidenced by decreased TER and increased mucosal-to-serosal 3 H-mannitol flux after a 2-hour reperfusion/recovery period, confirming an important role for Cl - secretory pathways in vivo. CONCLUSIONS: ClC-2-mediated intestinal Cl - secretion restores TER in ischemia-injured intestine. These data may provide the basis for targeted pharmacologic therapy for diseases associated with impaired barrier function.[1]


  1. ClC-2 chloride secretion mediates prostaglandin-induced recovery of barrier function in ischemia-injured porcine ileum. Moeser, A.J., Haskell, M.M., Shifflett, D.E., Little, D., Schultz, B.D., Blikslager, A.T. Gastroenterology (2004) [Pubmed]
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