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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Emergency central venous catheterization during resuscitation of trauma patients.

Central venous catheterization during resuscitation of trauma patients remains controversial. Such catheterizations performed at the UMDNJ-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School at Camden Cooper Hospital/University Medical Center (Camden, NJ) trauma center for the period January 1, 1988 to December 31, 1989 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with underlying hemothorax, pneumothorax, or resuscitative thoracotomy were excluded. There were 269 catheters inserted using the Seldinger technique. Catheters were placed via the internal jugular or subclavian veins by attending traumatologists or emergency medicine and surgical house staff under direct attending supervision. Of 238 patients ages 6 to 90 years, 156 were men. Mean Trauma Score and Injury Severity Score were 9 and 30, respectively. Patients were divided into two groups: patients undergoing cardiopulmonary resuscitation or in shock (systolic bp less than 90) during resuscitation (Group 1: n - 161); and patients not in shock (Group 2: n - 77). Thirty patients (Group 1a) expired in the resuscitation area. The remainder (Group 1b) with 150 catheterizations had 12 complications (8%): pneumothorax (8), hemothorax (1), and malposition (3). Group 2, with 80 catheterizations, had 6 complications (7.5%): pneumothorax (4), hematoma (1), and malposition (1). The complication rate for patients surviving the resuscitation (230 catheterizations) was 7.8 per cent. There were no catheter-related deaths. In conclusion, emergency central venous catheterization during resuscitation of trauma patients carries a relatively low risk of serious complications when performed by experienced physicians.[1]

References

  1. Emergency central venous catheterization during resuscitation of trauma patients. Pappas, P., Brathwaite, C.E., Ross, S.E. The American surgeon. (1992) [Pubmed]
 
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