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MeSH Review

Subclavian Vein

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Disease relevance of Subclavian Vein


High impact information on Subclavian Vein


Chemical compound and disease context of Subclavian Vein


Biological context of Subclavian Vein

  • Blood samples from different sampling sites including the aorta, the infra- and suprarenal portion of the inferior vena cava, the superior vena cava, the femoral and subclavian veins, and the right and left ventricles were examined for morphine, morphine-3-glucuronide and morphine-6-glucuronide, hematocrit and water content [12].

Anatomical context of Subclavian Vein


Associations of Subclavian Vein with chemical compounds

  • During an 18-month period, 82 consecutive patients (37 women and 45 men), with a mean age of 50 yr (range 15 to 74), underwent hemodialysis with 91 polyurethane double-lumen subclavian superior vena cava catheters inserted via the right subclavian vein [18].
  • A single type of port was used, constructed from titanium and silicone rubber, connected to a 7.8 F polyurethane catheter (Port-A-Cath; SIMS Deltec, Inc., St Paul, MN, USA) inserted into the subclavian vein [19].
  • Femoral and subclavian vein blood flow and gases were determined during skiing on a treadmill at approximately 76% maximal O2 uptake (V(O2)max) and at V(O2)max with different techniques: diagonal stride (combined arm and leg exercise), double poling (predominantly arm exercise), and leg skiing (predominantly leg exercise) [20].
  • A totally implantable subcutaneous infusion port was inserted via the left subclavian vein with peel-away sheath in a 45-year-old male patient receiving home parenteral nutrition [21].
  • Thereafter, stepwise infusion of adenosine (30 to 60 micrograms/kg/min into the subclavian vein) was performed [22].

Gene context of Subclavian Vein

  • The use of subclavian vein catheterization for hyperosmolar solutions is the key to TPN [23].
  • INTERVENTIONS: Subclavian vein catheterization was performed either in standard or Doppler-guided fashion using the Smart Needle (Peripheral Systems Group, Mountain View, Calif), which is a Doppler probe at the tip of a cannulating needle [24].
  • Maintaining the head in a normal position with the chin midline without a shoulder roll optimizes subclavian vein size [25].
  • Total occlusion of the left subclavian vein was diagnosed in a 76-year-old patient, 6 years after implantation of an ICD with VVI pacing backup [26].
  • CONCLUSION: In children, the recommended maneuvers of turning the head or turning the head and placing a posterior shoulder roll significantly reduce the cross-sectional area of the subclavian vein [25].


  1. Efficacy and cost effectiveness of oral ganciclovir in the prevention of cytomegalovirus disease after lung transplantation. Speich, R., Thurnheer, R., Gaspert, A., Weder, W., Boehler, A. Transplantation (1999) [Pubmed]
  2. Collateral circulation secondary to upper extremity venous thrombosis visualized during excretory urography. Fritzsche, P., Andersen, C., Smith, D.C. Radiology. (1982) [Pubmed]
  3. Suppurative mediastinitis as a complication of long-term total parenteral nutrition therapy via subclavian vein. Fallon, W.F., Golocovsky, M., Paul, B.K., Champion, H.R. Crit. Care Med. (1981) [Pubmed]
  4. Conservative management of late Palmaz stent embolization to the pulmonary artery--a complication after PTA with stent implantation of a fistula-draining right subclavian vein stenosis. Prischl, F.C., Weber, T., Lenglinger, F., Kirchgatterer, A., Wallner, M., Kramar, R. Nephrol. Dial. Transplant. (1997) [Pubmed]
  5. Heparin does not reduce catheter sepsis during total parenteral nutrition. Kudsk, K.A., Powell, C., Mirtallo, J.M., Fabri, P.J., Ruberg, R.L. JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition. (1985) [Pubmed]
  6. 100 patient-years of ambulatory home total parenteral nutrition. Dudrick, S.J., O'Donnell, J.J., Englert, D.M., Matheny, R.G., Blume, E.R., Nutt, R.E., Hickey, M.S., Barroso, A.O. Ann. Surg. (1984) [Pubmed]
  7. Transvenous defibrillator implantation in patients with persistent left superior vena cava and right superior vena cava atresia. Favale, S., Bardy, G.H., Pitzalis, M.V., Dicandia, C.D., Traversa, M., Rizzon, P. Eur. Heart J. (1995) [Pubmed]
  8. Double-blind controlled trial of the therapeutic effects of prostacyclin in patients with completed ischaemic stroke. Huczynski, J., Kostka-Trabka, E., Sotowska, W., Bieron, K., Grodzinska, L., Dembinska-Kiec, A., Pykosz-Mazur, E., Peczak, E., Gryglewski, R.J. Stroke (1985) [Pubmed]
  9. Subclavian vein obstruction demonstrated with thallium-201. Belzberg, A., Kiess, M. J. Nucl. Med. (1987) [Pubmed]
  10. Effect of age on substance P levels in the rat mesenteric artery and vein. Duckles, S.P. Neurobiol. Aging (1985) [Pubmed]
  11. Polyurethane sheath disintegration causing impaction of pacer lead and shock during attempted removal. Hubbell, D.S., Tyler, G.R., Zoble, R.G. Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE. (1986) [Pubmed]
  12. Postmortem distribution pattern of morphine and morphine glucuronides in heroin overdose. Skopp, G., Lutz, R., Ganssmann, B., Mattern, R., Aderjan, R. Int. J. Legal Med. (1996) [Pubmed]
  13. Retrograde embolization of a detached polyethylene catheter. Schachner, A., Aisenberg, R., Levy, M.J. Chest (1981) [Pubmed]
  14. Systemic thrombosis in patients with antiphospholipid antibodies: lesion distribution and imaging findings. Provenzale, J.M., Ortel, T.L., Allen, N.B. AJR. American journal of roentgenology. (1998) [Pubmed]
  15. Abdominal CT findings when the superior vena cava, brachiocephalic vein, or subclavian vein is obstructed. Bashist, B., Parisi, A., Frager, D.H., Suster, B. AJR. American journal of roentgenology. (1996) [Pubmed]
  16. Site-dependent postmortem changes in blood cocaine concentrations. Hearn, W.L., Keran, E.E., Wei, H.A., Hime, G. J. Forensic Sci. (1991) [Pubmed]
  17. Gallium-67 accumulation to the tumor thrombus in anaplastic thyroid cancer. Yoshimura, M., Kawamoto, A., Nakasone, K., Kakizaki, D., Tsutsui, H., Serizawa, H., Abe, K. Annals of nuclear medicine. (2003) [Pubmed]
  18. Thrombosis caused by polyurethane double-lumen subclavian superior vena cava catheter and hemodialysis. Wanscher, M., Frifelt, J.J., Smith-Sivertsen, C., Andersen, A.P., Rasmussen, A.D., Sanchez Garcia, R., Køhler, F. Crit. Care Med. (1988) [Pubmed]
  19. Use of totally implantable central venous access ports for high-dose chemotherapy and peripheral blood stem cell transplantation: results of a monocentre series of 376 patients. Biffi, R., Pozzi, S., Agazzi, A., Pace, U., Floridi, A., Cenciarelli, S., Peveri, V., Cocquio, A., Andreoni, B., Martinelli, G. Ann. Oncol. (2004) [Pubmed]
  20. Why do arms extract less oxygen than legs during exercise? Calbet, J.A., Holmberg, H.C., Rosdahl, H., van Hall, G., Jensen-Urstad, M., Saltin, B. Am. J. Physiol. Regul. Integr. Comp. Physiol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  21. Spontaneous partial fracture of the catheter of a totally implantable subcutaneous infusion port. Inoue, Y., Nezu, R., Nakai, S., Takagi, Y., Okada, A. JPEN. Journal of parenteral and enteral nutrition. (1992) [Pubmed]
  22. A role for adenosine in coronary vasoregulation in man. Effects of theophylline and enprofylline. Edlund, A., Conradsson, T., Sollevi, A. Clinical physiology (Oxford, England) (1995) [Pubmed]
  23. State of the art: total parenteral nutrition: a guide for its use. Paul, G.J. Am. J. Gastroenterol. (1979) [Pubmed]
  24. Prospective, randomized trial of Doppler-assisted subclavian vein catheterization. Bold, R.J., Winchester, D.J., Madary, A.R., Gregurich, M.A., Mansfield, P.F. Archives of surgery (Chicago, Ill. : 1960) (1998) [Pubmed]
  25. Classical positioning decreases subclavian vein cross-sectional area in children. Lukish, J., Valladares, E., Rodriguez, C., Patel, K., Bulas, D., Newman, K.D., Eichelberger, M.R. The Journal of trauma. (2002) [Pubmed]
  26. Lead insertion by supraclavicular approach of the subclavian vein puncture. Antonelli, D., Freedberg, N.A., Rosenfeld, T. Pacing and clinical electrophysiology : PACE. (2001) [Pubmed]
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