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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Selectin inhibitor bimosiamose prolongs survival of kidney allografts by reduction in intragraft production of cytokines and chemokines.

Binding of the P-, L-, and E-selectins to sialyl Lewis(x) (sLe(x)) retards circulating leukocytes, thereby facilitating their attachment to the blood vessels of allografts. Whether the selectin inhibitor bimosiamose (BIMO; C(46)H(54)O(16) . 0.25 H(2)O [867.4 molecular weight]) inhibits the rejection process of kidney allografts in a rat model was examined. Rat recipients acutely rejected kidney allografts at a mean survival time of 8.8 +/- 0.75 d. An intravenous 7-d infusion by osmotic pump of 2.5, 5, 10, or 20 mg/kg BIMO extended kidney allograft survival to 11.5 +/- 2.2 d (P < 0.03), 25.4 +/- 11.4 d (P < 0.006), 37.4 +/- 13.6 d (P < 0.001), and 39.8 +/- 34.5 d (P < 0.01), respectively. Combination of BIMO with cyclosporine produced synergistic interactions, as documented by the combination index (CI) values of 0.34 to 0.43 (CI <1 is synergistic; CI = 1 is additive; and CI >1 is antagonistic). Similarly, BIMO interacted synergistically with sirolimus (CI = 0.64) and FTY720 (CI = 0.22). While the mechanism of immunosuppression was being analyzed, decreased infiltration of CD4(+), CD8(+), and macrophages on day 7 after grafting was observed. Multiple cytokines were also expressed, including IL-1alpha, IL-1beta, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12, IL-18, TNF-alpha, and IFN-gamma in kidney allografts on days 3, 5, and 7 after grafting, as measured by a ribonuclease protection assay. Furthermore, at similar time points, BIMO treatment reduced intragraft expression of P-selectin glycoprotein ligand-1, CX(3)CL1, CCL19, CCL20, and CCL2. Thus, BIMO blocks allograft rejection by reduction of intragraft expression of cytokines and chemokines.[1]


  1. Selectin inhibitor bimosiamose prolongs survival of kidney allografts by reduction in intragraft production of cytokines and chemokines. Langer, R., Wang, M., Stepkowski, S.M., Hancock, W.W., Han, R., Li, P., Feng, L., Kirken, R.A., Berens, K.L., Dupre, B., Podder, H., Dixon, R.A., Kahan, B.D. J. Am. Soc. Nephrol. (2004) [Pubmed]
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