The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Evidence that T-helper type 2 cell-derived cytokines and eosinophils contribute to acute rejection of orthotopic corneal xenografts in mice.

BACKGROUND: Because guinea pig corneal xenografts are rejected acutely (within 16 days) in mouse eyes by a T-cell-dependent mechanism, the authors wished to determine the functional phenotype of CD4+ effector T cells. METHODS: Orthotopic corneal xenotransplantation was performed from strain 13 guinea pigs to BALB/c mice. Grafted eyes were removed at specified times and examined histologically or subjected to cytokine and chemokine mRNA analysis using a multi-probe ribonuclease protection assay. Draining cervical lymph node cells were harvested at specified times and stimulated in vitro with x-irradiated strain 13 guinea pig spleen cells. Supernatants were assayed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for content of interleukin (IL)-2, interferon (IFN)-gamma, IL-4, IL-5, and IL-10 and cells were used for mRNA analysis. RESULTS: Rejected corneal xenografts were heavily infiltrated with polymorphonuclear leukocytes, the majority of which were eosinophils. These eyes contained mRNA for IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-13, IL-15, and IFN-gamma. When stimulated with guinea pig spleen cells, T cells from draining cervical lymph nodes secreted primarily IL-4, IL-5, IL-10, and IFN-gamma. Eotaxin was overexpressed in eyes with rejected corneal xenografts. CONCLUSIONS: Acute rejection of corneal xenografts in mice is mediated by T cells that display a mixed T-helper ( Th) type 2/ Th1 phenotype and secrete eotaxin, an eosinophil chemoattractant. Eosinophil-dependent xenograft rejection bears similarities to immune elimination of parasites.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities