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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Caveolin isoform expression during differentiation of C6 glioma cells.

Caveolae, a specialized form of lipid rafts, are cholesterol- and sphingolipid-rich membrane microdomains implicated in potocytosis, endocytosis, transcytosis, and as platforms for signal transduction. One of the major constituents of caveolae are three highly homologous caveolin isoforms (caveolin-1, caveolin-2, and caveolin-3). The present study expands the analysis of caveolin isoform expression in C6 glioma cells. Three complementary approaches were used to assess their differential expression during the dibutyryl-cyclic AMP-induced differentiation of C6 cells into an astrocyte-like phenotype. Immunoblotting, conventional RT-PCR, and real-time RT-PCR analysis established the expression of the caveolin-3 isoform in C6 cells, in addition to caveolin-1 and caveolin-2. Similar to the other isoforms, caveolin-3 was associated with light-density, detergent-insoluble caveolae membrane fractions obtained using sucrose-density gradient centrifugation. The three caveolin isoforms display different temporal patterns of mRNA/protein expression during the differentiation of C6 cells. Western blot and real-time RT-PCR analysis demonstrate that caveolin-1 and caveolin-2 are up-regulated during the late stages of the differentiation of C6 cells. Meanwhile, caveolin-3 is gradually down-regulated during the differentiation process. Indirect immunofluorescence analysis via laser-scanning confocal microscopy reveals that the three caveolin isoforms display similar subcellular distribution patterns. In addition, co-localization of caveolin-1/caveolin-2 and caveolin-1/caveolin-3 was detected in both C6 glioma phenotypes. The findings reveal a differential temporal pattern of caveolin gene expression during phenotypic differentiation of C6 glioma cells, with potential implications to developmental and degenerative events in the brain.[1]


  1. Caveolin isoform expression during differentiation of C6 glioma cells. Silva, W.I., Maldonado, H.M., Velázquez, G., Rubio-Dávila, M., Miranda, J.D., Aquino, E., Mayol, N., Cruz-Torres, A., Jardón, J., Salgado-Villanueva, I.K. Int. J. Dev. Neurosci. (2005) [Pubmed]
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