The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression of Polycomb-group genes in human ovarian follicles, oocytes and preimplantation embryos.

Mammalian oocytes possess unique properties with respect to their ability to regulate and reprogram chromatin structure and epigenetic information. Proteins containing the conserved chromodomain motif that is common to the Polycomb-group (Pc-G) proteins and the heterochromatin- associated protein HP1, play essential roles in these processes and more specifically, in X-chromosome inactivation in female zygotes and extra-embryonic tissues and in the regulation of genomic imprinting. To characterize the potential role of these proteins in the regulation of epigenetic events during early human development, we utilized a degenerate PCR priming assay to assess the expression of mRNAs of chromodomain proteins in cDNA samples derived from the human female germline and preimplantation embryos. Expression of mRNAs of HP1 genes was observed in ovarian follicles, (HP1 (HSalpha), HP1 (HSbeta), HP1 (HSgamma)), mature oocytes (HP1 (HSalpha), HP1 (HSbeta)), cleavage stage preimplantation embryos (HP1 (HSalpha), HP1 (HSbeta), HP1 (HSgamma)) and blastocysts (HP1 (HSalpha), HP1 (HSgamma)). Transcripts for three Pc-G genes, which are essential for early mammalian development (Yin Yang 1 (YY1), Enhancer of Zeste-2 (EZH2) and Embryonic Ectoderm Development (EED)) and that are essential for the regulation of X-inactivation and certain imprinted genes (EED) were revealed by gene-specific-PCR expression analysis of human ovarian follicles, oocytes and preimplantation embryos. YY1 and EZH2 transcripts were additionally detected in metaphase II oocytes.[1]


  1. Expression of Polycomb-group genes in human ovarian follicles, oocytes and preimplantation embryos. Hinkins, M., Huntriss, J., Miller, D., Picton, H.M. Reproduction (2005) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities