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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Extravasation into synovial tissue induces CCL20 mRNA expression in polymorphonuclear neutrophils of patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

OBJECTIVE: Examination of expression of the chemokine macrophage inflammatory protein-3a (CCL20/Mip-3alpha) in blood polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) and synovial fluid (SF) PMN of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Paired samples of blood PMN and SF PMN were obtained from 11 patients with RA. In addition, SF was prepared from 9 patients with osteoarthritis (OA) and 10 patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). PMN were isolated via density centrifugation to a purity of 98%. Total RNA was isolated and the expression of CCL20 was determined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and quantitative real-time PCR. In some experiments blood PMN obtained from healthy donors were stimulated with individual SF of patients with RA. For quantitative considerations, CXCL8, CCL20, interleukin 1, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) levels were determined in SF by ELISA. RESULTS: In SF of RA patients CCL20 and CXCL8 levels were elevated, up to 7.5 ng/ml and 23.6 ng/ml, respectively. No significant level of either chemokine was found in SF of patients with JIA and OA. CCL20 mRNA was undetectable in blood PMN of all patients with RA. In SF PMN, CCL20 mRNA was found in 6/11 RA patients. Expression of CCL20 mRNA in 5/6 SF PMN samples was observed in the absence of detectable TNF-alpha levels in SF. Cell culture experiments, however, confirmed the ability of TNF-alpha in SF to induce CCL20 mRNA expression in blood PMN. Notably, expression of CCL20 was also found in PMN after stimulation with SF lacking TNF-alpha. CONCLUSION: Recruitment of PMN to the synovial microenvironment induces expression of CCL20 mRNA independent of the concentrations of TNF-alpha accumulating in SF of patients with RA.[1]


  1. Extravasation into synovial tissue induces CCL20 mRNA expression in polymorphonuclear neutrophils of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Schlenk, J., Lorenz, H.M., Haas, J.P., Herrmann, M., Hohenberger, G., Kalden, J.R., Röllinghoff, M., Beuscher, H.U. J. Rheumatol. (2005) [Pubmed]
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