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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of fibrillin-1 in hypertensive and diabetic glomerular disease.

The microfibrillar protein fibrillin-1 is a component of the mesangial matrix. Defects in fibrillin-1 predisposes individuals to vascular damage in Marfan syndrome, but the role of fibrillin-1 in kidney disease is unknown. We hypothesized that fibrillin-1 is involved in hypertensive or diabetic glomerular disease. DOCA-salt hypertension or streptozotocin (STZ) diabetes led to a significant increase in glomerular fibrillin-1 deposition. To test the functional role of fibrillin-1, DOCA hypertension and STZ diabetes were induced in mice homozygous for a mutation leading to a fivefold lower expression of fibrillin-1 (mgR/mgR). Untreated male mgR/mgR mice usually die from aortic dissection during the first 4 mo of life. All DOCA-treated mgR/mgR mice died within 2 wk after onset of DOCA treatment. DOCA-treated heterozygous (mgR/+) and their wild-type littermates displayed similar blood pressure levels, but albuminuria was significantly lower in mgR/+ than in wild-type mice after DOCA treatment. Similarly, STZ diabetic mgR/mgR and mgR/+ developed lower albuminuria than wild-type mice despite higher blood glucose levels in mgR/mgR and mgR/+ compared with wild-type mice. Blood pressure, blood glucose, and albuminuria did not differ among untreated mgR/mgR, mgR/+, and wild-type mice, respectively. In diabetic mgR/+ and mgR/mgR, but not in wild-type mice, an induction of glomerular decorin expression was observed. Thus underexpression of fibrillin-1 predisposes individuals to lethal aortic dissection in the presence of hypertension. On the other hand, albuminuria as a parameter of microvascular damage in hypertension and diabetes was ameliorated in fibrillin-1-underexpressing mice, possibly due to a compensatory upregulation of decorin. We conclude that fibrillin-1 may contribute to glomerular damage in hypertensive and diabetic kidney disease.[1]


  1. Role of fibrillin-1 in hypertensive and diabetic glomerular disease. Hartner, A., Schaefer, L., Porst, M., Cordasic, N., Gabriel, A., Klanke, B., Reinhardt, D.P., Hilgers, K.F. Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol. (2006) [Pubmed]
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