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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Endothelially derived nitric oxide affects the severity of early acetaminophen-induced hepatic injury in mice.

OBJECTIVES: The precise mechanism of hepatocellular toxicity following acetaminophen (APAP) poisoning remains unclear. Nitric oxide is implicated in APAP toxicity as an inflammatory signaling molecule and as a precursor to the free radical peroxynitrate. The effects of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)-derived NO in APAP toxicity are known; however, the role of endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS)-derived NO is unknown. The authors sought to evaluate the effect of eNOS-derived NO during APAP toxicity. METHODS: C57BL6/J mice deficient in eNOS (eNOS KO) or iNOS (iNOS KO) and wild-type mice (WT) were treated with 300 mg/kg APAP. Alanine aminotransferase levels and plasma nitrate and nitrite levels were measured. Hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1alpha and Glucose Transporter 1 (Glut-1) levels were determined by Western blot. RESULTS: Alanine aminotransferase levels were significantly elevated in all treated animals. Alanine aminotransferase levels were significantly lower in eNOS KO and iNOS KO than in treated WT animals. Plasma nitrate/nitrite levels were significantly higher in WT animals than in iNOS KO and eNOS KO animals. HIF-1alpha expression was increased in WT mice and decreased in iNOS KO mice. Glut-1 is a downstream, indirect marker of HIF function. Glut-1 expression was increased in WT and eNOS KO mice. CONCLUSIONS: Deficiency of either iNOS or eNOS results in decreased NO production and is associated with reduced hepatocellular injury following APAP poisoning. HIF-1alpha and Glut-1 levels are increased following APAP poisoning, implying that HIF-1alpha is functional during the pathogenic response to APAP poisoning.[1]


  1. Endothelially derived nitric oxide affects the severity of early acetaminophen-induced hepatic injury in mice. Salhanick, S.D., Orlow, D., Holt, D.E., Pavlides, S., Reenstra, W., Buras, J.A. Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine. (2006) [Pubmed]
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