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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Toll-like receptor agonists differentially regulate cysteinyl-leukotriene receptor 1 expression and function in human dendritic cells.

BACKGROUND: Dendritic cells (DCs) acquire, during their maturation, the expression of the chemokine receptor CCR7 and the ability to migrate to lymph nodes in response to CC chemokine ligand 19 (CCL19). This migration is impaired in mice lacking the leukotriene (LT) C(4) transporter and restored by addition of exogenous LTC(4). OBJECTIVE: To define the role of LT in human DC function, we studied the expression and function of the cysteinyl-leukotriene (CysLT) receptors during DC differentiation from monocytes and subsequent maturation. METHODS: Receptor expression was measured by flow cytometry and real-time PCR. Responsiveness to LTD(4) stimulation was assessed by calcium flux and chemotaxis. RESULTS: Maturation of DC with LPS, a classic Toll-like receptor 4 agonist, reduced CysLT receptor 1 (CysLT1) expression by 50%, whereas CysLT receptor 2 expression was increased. In contrast, the Toll-like receptor 3 agonist poly inosinic and cytidylic acid (polyI:C) had no effect on receptor expression. Downregulation of CysLT1 expression by LPS could not be mimicked by TNF-alpha alone or in combination with IL-1beta or IL-6. It was, however, prevented by inhibitors of COX and could be reproduced by a combination of TNF-alpha and prostaglandin E(2). Immature DCs and DCs matured with polyI:C, but not with LPS, responded to LTD(4) with a robust cytosolic calcium flux, which was prevented by the CysLT1 antagonist montelukast. LTD(4) induced DC chemotaxis and enhanced DC migration in response to CCL19 in DCs matured with polyI:C, but only weakly in DCs matured with LPS. CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that human DCs may differentially respond to leukotriene, depending on their maturational stimuli. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Our study demonstrates that some microbial agents can reduce the migration of dendritic cells in response to leukotrienes, with potential for differential involvement of these cells in allergic inflammation.[1]


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