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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Nucleotide and deduced amino acid sequence of a human cDNA ( NQO2) corresponding to a second member of the NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase gene family. Extensive polymorphism at the NQO2 gene locus on chromosome 6.

NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductases (NQOs) are flavoproteins that catalyze the oxidation of NADH or NADPH by various quinones and oxidation-reduction dyes. We have previously described a complementary DNA that encodes a dioxin-inducible cytosolic form of human NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1). In the present report we describe the nucleotide sequence and deduced amino acid sequence for a cDNA clone that is likely to encode a second form of NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase ( NQO2) which was isolated by screening a human liver cDNA library by hybridization with a NQO1 cDNA probe. The NQO2 cDNA is 976 nucleotides long and encodes a protein of 231 amino acids (Mr = 25,956). The human NQO2 cDNA and protein are 54% and 49% similar to human liver cytosolic NQO1 cDNA and protein, respectively. COS1 cells transfected with NQO2 cDNA showed a 5-7-fold increase in NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase activity as compared to nontransfected cells when either 2,6-dichlorophenolindophenol or menadione was used as substrate. Western blot analysis of the expressed NQO1 and NQO2 cDNA proteins showed cross-reactivity with rat NQO1 antiserum, indicating that NQO1 and NQO2 proteins are immunologically related. Northern blot analysis shows the presence of one NQO2 mRNA of 1.2 kb in control and 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) treated human hepatoblastoma Hep-G2 cells and that TCDD treatment does not lead to enhanced levels of NQO2 mRNA as it does for NQO1 mRNA. Southern blot analysis of human genomic DNA suggests the presence of a single gene approximately 14-17 kb in length. The NQO2 gene locus is highly polymorphic as indicated by several restriction fragment length polymorphisms detected with five different restriction enzymes.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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