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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Transforming growth factor-beta 1 inhibits scavenger receptor activity in THP-1 human macrophages.

The macrophage scavenger receptor, a 220-kDa trimeric membrane glycoprotein, mediates the internalization of modified forms of low density lipoprotein (LDL) such as acetyl-LDL and oxidized-LDL and thus is likely to play a key role in atheroma macrophage foam cell formation. In addition, recent evidence suggests that the scavenger receptor may be an important macrophage binding site for lipopolysaccharide involved in lipopolysaccharide scavenging by macrophages. However, little is known about the regulation of this important receptor. We now report that the induction of scavenger receptor activity (as measured by acetyl-LDL stimulation of intracellular cholesterol esterification) seen in phorbol ester-differentiated THP-1 human macrophages was completely suppressed to the level seen in undifferentiated THP-1 monocytes by picomolar concentrations of transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF-beta 1). 125I-Acetyl-LDL degradation was inhibited in a dose-dependent manner by TGF-beta 1, with maximal inhibition (approximately 70%) occurring at 24 pM TGF-beta 1. Scatchard analysis revealed that TGF-beta 1 treatment resulted in a approximately 2-fold decrease in receptor number, and Northern blot analysis of RNA isolated from differentiated THP-1 macrophages demonstrated approximately 2-fold less scavenger receptor mRNA in TGF-beta 1-treated cells compared with that in macrophages not treated with TGF-beta 1. Since TGF-beta 1 is thought to be present in both atherosclerotic and inflammatory lesions, the above findings may have physiological relevance regarding the regulation of atheroma foam cell formation and/or the regulation of lipopolysaccharide clearance by macrophages.[1]


  1. Transforming growth factor-beta 1 inhibits scavenger receptor activity in THP-1 human macrophages. Bottalico, L.A., Wager, R.E., Agellon, L.B., Assoian, R.K., Tabas, I. J. Biol. Chem. (1991) [Pubmed]
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