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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Purification and characterization of two cellulases from auxin-treated pea epicotyls.

Two forms of beta-1,4-glucan 4-glucanohydrolase (EC were extracted from growing regions of Pisum sativum epicotyls which had been treated with the auxin, (2,4-dichlorophenoxy)acetic acid. One cellulase is buffer-soluble, the other buffer-insoluble but extractable with high salt concentrations. Both enzymes catalyze endohydrolysis of carboxymethylcellulose with the same pH optimum (5.5 to 6.0). They were purified with the use of DEAE-cellulose chromatography, Sephadex gel filtration, and ultrafiltration. They are distinct proteins as characterized by: electrofocusing and disc gel electrophoresis (pI values = 5.2 and 6.9, respectively); mobility in sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gels, fractionation on Sephadex, and sedimentation in the ultracentrifuge (mol wt = approximately 20,000 and 70,000, S values 2.63 and 3.73); and immunological properties. The buffer-soluble enzyme tends to dimerize on purification. Amino acid analyses show that the buffer-soluble enzyme is relatively rich in glycine, alanine, and valine and deficient in cystine, tryosine, and phenylalanine compared to the buffer-insoluble enzyme. The two cellulase activities were generated in approximately equal amounts after auxin treatment. Within 5 days their levels had increased at least 100-fold and they constituted about 0.1% of total cellular protein. Present data indicate that one is not derived from the other.[1]


  1. Purification and characterization of two cellulases from auxin-treated pea epicotyls. Byrne, H., Christou, N.V., Verma, D.P., Maclachlan, G.A. J. Biol. Chem. (1975) [Pubmed]
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