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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Stimulation of tyrosine aminotransferase activity by dl-alpha-methyltryptophan.

DL-alpha-Methyltryptophan (alphaMeTrp), a synthetic analogue of tryptophan, has been found to be a potent inducer of hepatic tyrosine aminotransferase activity in the adrenalectomized rat. alphaMeTrp is inactive in vitro. Unlike the action of other known inducers (tryptophan, hydrocortisone, adenosine cyclic 3:5-monophosphate, and glucagon), maximal stimulation of enzyme activity occurs only 16 to 30 hours after alphaMeTrp administration and the activity is still elevated at 96 hours. Only the L isomer of alphaMeTrp is active, and addition of a hydroxyl group to position 5 of the indole ring renders an inactive compound. The induction can be prevented by actinomycin D or cycloheximide but not galactosamine. Administration of alphaMeTrp together with hydrocortisone produced an additive stimulation of enzyme activity. alphaMeTrp given along with glucagon or adenosine cyclic 3:5-monophosphate caused a further but not additive increase in enzyme activity. Tryptophan given along with alphaMeTrp promoted no extra stimulation whatsoever. These data indicate that alphaMeTrp and tryptophan may act via a common pathway which in part requires RNA synthesis. Other enzymes, namely alanine and aspartate aminotransferase, ornithine aminotransferase, ornithine carbamoyltransferase, serine dehydratase, and histidine ammonialyase, were not affected by treatment of rats with alphaMeTrp.[1]


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