The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Glycerophospholipid:cholesterol acyltransferase complexed with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a major lethal exotoxin and cytolysin of Aeromonas salmonicida: LPS stabilizes and enhances toxicity of the enzyme.

An extracellular lethal toxin produced by Aeromonas salmonicida was purified by fast-protein liquid ion-exchange chromatography. The toxin is composed of glycerophospholipid:cholesterol acyltransferase (GCAT) (molecular mass, 25 kilodaltons) aggregated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the GCAT/LPS complex having a molecular mass of about 2,000 kilodaltons, estimated by gel filtration chromatography. The toxin is lethal for Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) at a concentration of 0.045 micrograms of protein per g of body weight. The toxin is a hemolysin (T-lysin, active on fish erythrocytes), leukocytolysin, and cytotoxin. Antiserum to the purified toxin neutralized the lethal toxicity of the crude extracellular toxins, indicating this toxin to be the major lethal factor produced by A. salmonicida. In the crude extracellular products, small amounts of free GCAT were also present. This has been purified, and its activities and properties have been compared with those of the GCAT/LPS complex. The presence of LPS did not influence the GCAT activity of the enzyme with egg yolk or phosphatidylcholine (lecithin) as a substrate, but the specific hemolytic activity and lethal toxicity was about eightfold higher in the complexed form. Furthermore, the free GCAT was more susceptible to proteolytic and heat inactivation than was the GCAT/LPS complex. Recombination of LPS (phenol extracted from extracellular products of A. salmonicida) with free GCAT enhanced the hemolytic activity, lethal toxicity, and heat stability of the latter but did not influence its lecithinase activity. In native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, the GCAT/LPS complex and the recombined GCAT-LPS both showed a high-molecular-mass band which did not enter the gel, while the free GCAT produced a single band with low molecular mass. In isoelectric focusing gels, the GCAT/LPS and recombined GCAT-LPS produced a nonfocusing smear with pIs from pI 5.0 to 5.8, while the free GCAT produced a single band with pI 4. 3. These data show that free GCAT can combine with LPS to produce a high-molecular-mass complex with enhanced toxicity and heat stability compared with those of free GCAT, similar to the preexisting GCAT/LPS complex, and indicate that the LPS moiety of the toxin plays an active role in toxicity.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities