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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Deoxycholate 7 alpha-hydroxylase in the hamster: substrate specificity and effect of phenobarbital.

In a recent publication, we reported that deoxycholic acid is 7 alpha-hydroxylated to yield glycocholate or taurocholate in vivo in the hamster (1987. Kuroki et al. Hepatology. 7: 229-234). In order to explore the possibility that amidation of free deoxycholic acid precedes the 7 alpha-hydroxylation, we assayed 7 alpha-hydroxylase activities of free and conjugated deoxycholates in vitro. 7 alpha-Hydroxylase activities of glycodeoxycholate and taurodeoxycholate were 720 +/- 132 and 640 +/- 160 pmol/mg.min-1, respectively. Activity of 7 alpha-hydroxylation of free deoxycholate was very low (60 +/- 20 pmol/mg.min-1). After treatment with phenobarbital in a dose of 100 mg/kg per day for 6 days, 7 alpha-hydroxylase activities of conjugated deoxycholates were decreased significantly (40%, P less than 0.01, n = 8), whereas that of free deoxycholate was not significantly changed. In the rat, 7 alpha-hydroxylase activities of conjugated deoxycholates were induced significantly (45% increase, P less than 0.05, n = 5) by phenobarbital treatment in sharp contrast to the hamster. There were significant correlations between the 7 alpha-hydroxylase activity of taurodeoxycholate and that of glycodeoxycholate both in the hamster and in the rat (hamsters: n = 16, r = 0.98, P less than 0.01; rats: n = 10, r = 0.82, P less than 0.01). These studies suggested that deoxycholic acid is 7 alpha-hydroxylated after amidation with glycine or taurine in vivo and that the same enzyme may well catalyze the 7 alpha-hydroxylation of glycodeoxycholate and taurodeoxycholate in the hamster.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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