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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Histochemical localization of cathepsin B, dipeptidyl peptidase I, and dipeptidyl peptidase II in rat bone.

The histochemical distribution of the thiol proteases cathepsin B and dipeptidyl peptidase I and the serine protease dipeptidyl peptidase II was examined in rat bone and joint using amino acid derivatives of 4-methoxy-2-naphthylamine (MNA). The liberated MNA was then visualized by simultaneous coupling with fast blue B. Cathepsin B was examined with CBZ-Arg-Arg-MNA, dipeptidyl peptidase I (DPP I) with Gly-Arg- or Pro-Arg-MNA, and dipeptidyl peptidase II (DPP II) with Lys-ALA- or Lys-Pro-MNA. Bright red reaction product indicative of proteolytic activity was observed in most cell types associated with bone and its surrounding connective tissues, including osteocytes, osteoblasts, chondrocytes, chondroblasts, fibroblasts, and macrophages. Surprisingly, protease activity in osteoclasts could not be established with certainty, and it was concluded that these enzymes are either absent, present in very low amounts, or secreted as soon as they are synthesized rather than stored within the cell. The cells of the resting zone of the growth plate were intensely reactive for DPP II but were only moderately reactive for cathepsin B and DPP I. The reverse was true of the proliferating and hypertrophic layers. The protease activity observed in bone, cartilage, tendon, ligament, and synovium would be expected to contribute significantly to normal protein metabolism as well as to pathological destruction in these tissues.[1]


  1. Histochemical localization of cathepsin B, dipeptidyl peptidase I, and dipeptidyl peptidase II in rat bone. Sannes, P.L., Schofield, B.H., McDonald, D.F. J. Histochem. Cytochem. (1986) [Pubmed]
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