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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Malic enzyme from archaebacterium Sulfolobus solfataricus. Purification, structure, and kinetic properties.

An NADP-preferring malic enzyme ((S)-malate:NADP oxidoreductase (oxalacetate-decarboxylating) EC with a specific activity of 36.6 units per mg of protein at 60 degrees C and an isoelectric point of 5.1 was purified to homogeneity from the thermoacidophilic archaebacterium Sulfolobus solfataricus, strain MT-4. The purification procedure employed ion exchange chromatography, ammonium sulfate fractionation, affinity chromatography, and gel filtration. Molecular weight determinations demonstrated that the enzyme was a dimer of Mr 105,000 +/- 2,000 with apparently identical Mr 49,000 +/- 1,500 subunits. Amino acid composition of S. solfataricus enzyme was determined and found to be significantly higher in tryptophan content than the malic enzyme from Escherichia coli. In addition to the NAD(P)-dependent oxidative decarboxylation of L-malate, S. solfataricus malic enzyme was able to catalyze the decarboxylation of oxalacetate. The enzyme absolutely required divalent metal cations and it displayed maximal activity at 85 degrees C and pH 8.0 with a turnover number of 376 s-1. The enzyme showed classical saturation kinetics and no sigmoidicity was detected at different pH values and temperatures. At 60 degrees C and in the presence of 0.1 mM MnCl2, the Michaelis constants for malate, NADP, and NAD were 18, 3, and 250 microM, respectively. The S. solfataricus malic enzyme was shown to be very thermostable.[1]


  1. Malic enzyme from archaebacterium Sulfolobus solfataricus. Purification, structure, and kinetic properties. Bartolucci, S., Rella, R., Guagliardi, A., Raia, C.A., Gambacorta, A., De Rosa, M., Rossi, M. J. Biol. Chem. (1987) [Pubmed]
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