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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Long-chain acyl-coenzyme A synthetase from rat brain microsomes. Kinetic studies using [1-14C]docosahexaenoic acid substrate.

The activation of docosahexaenoic acid by rat brain microsomes was studied using an assay method based on the extraction of unreacted [1-14C]docosahexaenoic acid and the insolubility of [1-14C]docosahexaenoyl-CoA in heptane. This reaction showed a requirement for ATP, CoA, and MgCl2 and exhibited optimal activity at pH 8.0 in the presence of dithiothreitol and when incubated at 45 degrees C. The apparent Km values for ATP (185 microM), CoA (4.88 microM), MgCl2 (555 microM) and [1-14C]docosahexaenoic acid (26 microM) were determined. The presence of bovine serum albumin or Triton X-100 in the incubation medium caused a significant decrease in the Km and Vm values for [1-14C]docosahexaenoic acid. The enzyme was labile at 45 degrees C (t1/2:3.3 min) and 37 degrees C (t1/2:26.5 min) and lost 36% of its activity after freezing and thawing. The transition temperature (Tc) obtained from Arrhenius plot was 27 degrees C with the activation energies of 74 kJ/mol between 0 degrees C and 27 degrees C and 30 kJ/mol between 27 degrees C and 45 degrees C. [1-14C]Palmitic acid activation in rat brain and liver microsomes showed apparent Km values of 25 microM and 29 microM respectively, with V values of 13 and 46 nmol X min-1 X mg protein-1. The presence of Triton X-100 (0.05%) in the incubation medium enhanced the V value of the liver enzyme fourfold without affecting the Km value. Brain palmitoyl-CoA synthetase, on the other hand, showed a decreased Km value in the presence of Triton X-100 with unchanged V. The Tc obtained were 25 degrees C and 28 degrees C for brain and liver enzyme with an apparent activation energy of 109 and 24 kJ/mol below and above Tc for brain enzyme and 86 and 3.3 kJ/mol for liver enzyme. The similar results obtained for the activation of docosahexaenoate and palmitate in brain microsomes suggest the possible existence of a single long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase. The differences observed in the activation of palmitate between brain and liver microsomes may be due to organ differences. Fatty acid competition studies showed a greater inhibition of labeled docosahexaenoic and palmitic acid activation in the presence of unlabeled unsaturated fatty acids. The Ki values for unlabeled docosahexaenoate and arachidonate were 38 microM and 19 microM respectively for the activation of [1-14C]docosahexaenoate. In contrast, the competition of unlabeled saturated fatty acids for activation of labeled docosahexaenoate is much less than that for activation of labeled palmitate.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)[1]


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