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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cytotoxicity of human peripheral blood and colostral leukocytes against Shigella species.

We examined the ability of human peripheral blood leukocytes to kill strains of Shigella sonnei and Shigella flexneri by using a modified bactericidal assay. Antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) was demonstrated in the presence of specific rabbit immune serum directed against S. sonnei. With peripheral blood leukocytes from adults, ADCC was found only in the mononuclear cell and purified lymphocyte populations. Monocyte-macrophages and polymorphonuclear leukocytes were unable to demonstrate ADCC. Lymphocyte ADCC, which was not affected by the addition of phenylbutazone (an inhibitor of phagocytosis), was mediated by a non-T, Fc receptor-positive, HNK-1- cell. ADCC (using antiserum directed against virulent S. sonnei) was demonstrated against virulent S. sonnei but not against virulent S. sonnei or virulent S. flexneri. In contrast to leukocytes from adults, both mononuclear and polymorphonuclear cells from neonatal cord blood and from a patient with chronic granulomatous disease mediated anti-Shigella ADCC. Breast milk leukocytes (BMLs) collected 1 to 3 days postpartum were used as effector cells against virulent S. sonnei. The entire BML population, BMLs which did not adhere to plastic and BMLs which passed through nylon wool columns mediated both natural killer cytotoxicity and ADCC. In paired experiments, natural killer cytotoxicity and ADCC were significantly lower (30 to 45% inhibition) but not ablated, when phenylbutazone was added to BMLs and nylon wool-purified BMLs (P less than 0.05). These experiments suggest that colostral leukocytes mediated both extracellular and intracellular bacteriolysis in the presence and absence of specific antiserum. These mechanisms may be active in vivo in protection against shigellosis.[1]


  1. Cytotoxicity of human peripheral blood and colostral leukocytes against Shigella species. Morgan, D.R., DuPont, H.L., Gonik, B., Kohl, S. Infect. Immun. (1984) [Pubmed]
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