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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Neurochemical findings in the aging brain.

We studied the influence of normal aging on 13 glycolytic enzymes, ATPase, carbonic anhydrase, and protein kinase in the human brain cortex and putamen, where there is a significant increase in soluble HK activity with age. This phenomenon is considered to be the result of an increased release of HK from mitochondrial membranes. A significant negative correlation of the activity of F6PK with age is observed in brain cortex and putamen. While the regulation of glycolysis imposes a limit on the formation of ATP with increasing age, no change appears to occur in the enzymatic capacity to break down ATP. Na+/K+-ATPase and Mg++-ATPase do not change with age. Carbonic anhydrase, important in the regulation of the pO2/pCO2 ratio in the brain tissue, demonstrates a significant decline with increasing age. Thus pCO2-dependent regulation of tissue pH, ionic transport processes, and cerebral blood flow regulation have the tendency to become more and more unstable. Protein kinase demonstrates a progressive age-dependent decline in cAMP-dependent activity, which is most significant in brain cortex and thalamus, followed by hippocampus, amygdala, and globus pallidus. The enzyme is of importance for the phosphorylation of the cell membrane and is thus of functional relevance for the nerve cell.[1]


  1. Neurochemical findings in the aging brain. Meier-Ruge, W., Iwangoff, P., Reichlmeier, K., Sandoz, P. Adv. Biochem. Psychopharmacol. (1980) [Pubmed]
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