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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

2',5'-Oligoadenylates and related 2',5'-oligonucleotide analogues. 2. Effect on cellular proliferation, protein synthesis, and endoribonuclease activity.

A number of the new enzymatically synthesized 2',5'-oligonucleotide trimers, namely, those containing the nucleosides 8-azaadenosine, toyocamycin, sangivamycin, formycin, 8-bromoadenosine, tubercidin, and guanosine, were found to inhibit protein synthesis and cellular proliferation after uptake into intact L and HeLa cells. 2',5'-Oligonucleotide trimers containing cytidine, inosine, uridine, and 1,N6-ethenoadenosine had some effect while those containing 2-chloroadenosine, 3-ribosyladenine, ribavirin, and 2-beta-D-ribofuranosylthiazole-4-carboxamide had no detectable effect on protein synthesis or cellular proliferation after uptake into L or HeLa cells. All of these 2',5'-oligonucleotide analogues inhibited protein synthesis in the in vitro rabbit reticulocyte lysate system except for the trimer containing ribavirin. Such nucleoside substitutions have further defined the substrate-specificity requirements for the endoribonuclease and/or the inhibitors for the 2',5'-phosphodiesterase. Most of the 2',5'-analogues were degraded in L-cell extracts so the endogenous nucleases are not very specific. The 2',5'-trimers containing tubercidin and 2-beta-D-ribofuranosylthiazole-4-carboxamide were quite stable in comparison to the 2',5'-A trimer. The inhibition of protein synthesis and cellular proliferation observed correlated well with the degradation of rRNA and polyadenylated mRNA observed after uptake of the 2',5'-analogues into intact L cells. The degradation of the polyadenylated mRNA appeared to be a more sensitive test than inhibition of cellular protein synthesis for determining biological activities of the 2',5'-oligonucleotide analogues.[1]


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