The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Carcinogenicity of N-nitrosomethyl(2-oxobutyl)amine and N-nitrosomethyl-(3-oxobutyl)amine in Syrian hamsters with special reference to the pancreas.

Studies with oxidized derivatives of N-nitrosodi-n-propylamine suggested a structure-activity relationship between pancreatic cancer induction in Syrian hamsters and position and degree of nitrosamine oxidation. To elucidate the importance of the position of the oxidized substituent relative to the N-nitroso group in pancreatic carcinogenesis, we compared the toxicity and carcinogenicity of two substituted methylbutylnitrosamines. N-Nitrosomethyl(2-oxobutyl)amine (M-2-OB) and N-nitrosomethyl(3-oxobutyl)amine (M-3-OB) were given in equitoxic doses to male and female Syrian hamsters. The 50% lethal doses for M-2-OB and M-3-OB in males and females, respectively, were 92 and 160 and 705 and 810 mg/kg body weight. M-2-OB, although given in significantly smaller doses (minimum dose, 2.3 mg/kg body weight) than was M-3-OB (minimum dose, 17.6 mg/kg body weight), induced a much broader spectrum of neoplasms (in 17 tissues), whereas M-3-OB induced tumors in only 5 tissues and had no carcinogenic effect in the pancreas. M-2-OB, however, produced pancreatic ductular-ductal adenocarcinomas in over 90% of the males and 67% of the females, even at the lowest doses (2.3 and 4.0 mg/kg, respectively). Although both compounds caused a similar incidence of morphologically equivalent neoplasms (mostly adenocarcinomas) in the nasal and paranasal cavities, the remaining distribution of affected tissues differed significantly. M-2-OB predominantly affected the lip (epitheliomas, squamous cell carcinomas), liver (cholangiomas and cholangiocarcinomas), and flank organ (epitheliomas, squamous cell carcinomas). The principal target organs for M-3-OB were the cheek pouch (papillomas, squamous cell carcinomas) and trachea (polyps). In contrast to M-2-OB, M-3-OB did not induce renal and urethral tumors. These findings indicate the importance of the 2-oxo group as a prerequisite for the carcinogenicity of methylalkylnitrosamines in the hamster pancreas; however, a methyl group in one aliphatic chain, alpha to the N-nitroso function, appears to cause the molecule to lose its selectivity for the pancreas.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities